Phelsuma lineata 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Gekkonidae

Scientific Name: Phelsuma lineata Gray, 1842
Common Name(s):
English Lined Day Gecko
Taxonomic Notes:

Three subspecies are recognized: Phelsuma l. lineata, P. m. bombetokensis and P. m. punctulata. A fourth subspecies, P. l. dorsivittata, was recently elevated to species-level (Rocha et al. 2010) and is treated here as a separate species. The taxonomy of the remaining forms is in urgent need of clarification, and the genetically variable P. l. lineata may include unrecognized taxa (Glaw and Vences 2007). The assignment of a genetically distinct subpopulation from Marojejy is uncertain and thought to represent a distinct, undescribed species (Rocha et al. 2009, 2010). It is not treated in either this assessment or that of P. dorsivittata.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-01-27
Assessor(s): Vences, M.
Reviewer(s): Cox, N.A. & Bowles, P.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, large overall population, and because the population presently appears to be stable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This species is endemic to Madagascar where it is widespread in the east of the island, occurring continuously from Makira in the northeast to the southeast corner of the island, an area of over 152,750 km². The subspecies P. l. bombetokensis is known from Ankarafantsika in western Madagascar (Glaw and Vences 2007). The gecko has been recorded from 750 to 1,350 m asl. This gecko has also been introduced to the Mascarene island of Réunion (N. Cole pers. comm. July 2011).

Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):750
Upper elevation limit (metres):1350
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This is a very common species.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

This species is found on banana palms, trees, buildings (Glaw and Vences 2007) and Pandanus screw palms (Lethinen et al. 2003). It avoids the interior of littoral forest fragments (Lethinen et al. 2003). The nominate subspecies occurs in humid forest in Pandanus (Bora et al. 2007). P. m. bombetokensis inhabits bushes and buildings in drier areas. P. m. punctulata glues its eggs to a substrate; the remaining subspecies do not.

Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Unknown

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is exported from Madagascar for commercial purposes; the current quota is set at 2,000 individuals per year.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is not threatened but care must be take to verify the taxonomic status of the different subspecies, some of which may be threatened.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no site conservation measures for this species, although annual exports for commercial purposes are limited and the species is listed on CITES Appendix II. Research is needed to clarify the taxonomy of this species and the significance of ecological differences between recognized subspecies. There are numerous records of this species from protected areas in eastern Madagascar, including Ankarafantsika, Anamalazoatra Special Reserve, and Mantadia and Ranomafana National Parks.

Classifications [top]

3. Shrubland -> 3.6. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Moist
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.3. Artificial/Terrestrial - Plantations
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.4. Artificial/Terrestrial - Rural Gardens
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.5. Artificial/Terrestrial - Urban Areas
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.6. Artificial/Terrestrial - Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest
0. Root -> 16. Introduced vegetation

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
  Action Recovery plan:No
  Systematic monitoring scheme:No
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over part of range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
  Area based regional management plan:No
In-Place Species Management
  Harvest management plan:No
  Successfully reintroduced or introduced beningly:Unknown
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:Unknown
In-Place Education
  Subject to recent education and awareness programmes:No
  Included in international legislation:Yes
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:Yes
1. Research -> 1.1. Taxonomy

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Bora, P., Randriambahiniarime, M.O., Rabemananjara, F., Ramilijaona, O.R., Glaw, F. and M. Vences. 2007. A rapid assessment survey of the herpetofauna at Befotaka-Modongy, National Park, south-eastern Madagascar. Mitt. Mus. Nat.kd. Berl., Zool. Reihe 83: 170-178.

Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 2007. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Cologne.

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

Lethinen, R.M., Ramanamanjato, J.-B. and Raveloarison, J B. 2003. Edge effects and extinction proneness in a herpetofauna in Madagascar. Biodiversity and Conservation 12: 1357-1370.

Raselimanana, A.P. 2008. Herpétofaune des forêts sèches malgaches. Malagasy Nature 1: 46-75.

Rocha, S., Rösler, H., Gehring, P.-S., Glaw, F., Posada, D., Harris, D.J. and Vences, M. 2010. Phylogenetic systematics of day geckos, genus Phelsuma, based on molecular and morphological data (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2429: 1-28.

Rocha, S., Vences, M., Glaw, F., Posada, D. and Harris, D.J. 2009. Multigene phylogeny of Malagasy day geckos of the genus Phelsuma. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43: 685-692.

Citation: Vences, M. 2011. Phelsuma lineata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T172826A6925369. . Downloaded on 23 May 2018.
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