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Uropeltis nitida 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Uropeltidae

Scientific Name: Uropeltis nitida (Beddome, 1878)
Common Name(s):
English Southern Earth Snake, Cochin Shieldtail
Synonym(s):
Silybura nitida Beddome, 1878
Uropeltis nitidus (Beddome, 1886) [orth. error]
Taxonomic Source(s): Pyron, R.A., Ganesh, S.R., Sayyed, A., Sharma, V., Wallach, V. and Somaweera, R. 2016. A catalogue and systematic overview of the shield-tailed snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae). Zoosystema 38(4): 453-506.
Taxonomic Notes: Uropeltis nitida was described as Silybura nitida by Beddome in 1886 based on type series collected from the Western side of the Anaimalai Hills near Nelliyampathy, Palakkad district, Kerala, India  (Beddome 1886, Smith 1943).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2018
Date Assessed: 2010-08-04
Assessor(s): Srinivasulu, B., Srinivasulu, C., Ganesan, S.R. & Vijayakumar, S.P.
Reviewer(s): Auliya, M., Bowles, P., Ramesh, M., Prabhu, M., Madala, M., Sreekar, R. & Molur, S.
Justification:

Uropeltis nitida is known only from the type locality based on the type series collected in the late 19th century.  There is no information on the population status, biology and threats for this species. Hence, it is listed as Data Deficient.

Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Uropeltis nitida is endemic to the Western Ghats, India and is known only from the Nelliyampathy in Anaimalai Hills (at 1,300 m), Palakkad district, Kerala (Smith 1943). There are no recent sighting records of this species.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
India (Kerala)
Additional data:
Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO):Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO):UnknownEstimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):UnknownExtreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO):Unknown
Number of Locations:1
Lower elevation limit (metres):1300
Upper elevation limit (metres):1300
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Nothing is known about the population status of Uropeltis nitida.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Nothing is known about the habitats and ecology of Uropeltis nitida.
Systems:Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is not in use.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Nothing is known about the general threats to this species. However, many parts of Neliampathy Hills are covered by tea, coffee, cardamom and orange plantations, and tourism-related developmental activities are also being carried out. It is unknown whether these represent major threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. Uropeltis nitida is known only from the Nelliyampathy area in Western Ghats in Palakkad District, Kerala, which is a reserve forest tract and is presently a famous tourism spot. As this species has not been reported in the recent past, there is an urgent need to establish its existence and distribution.

Amended [top]

Amended reason: This amended assessment is required because the spelling of the species epithet has been corrected from nitidus to nitida. The name of the species in the assessment text and range map has been updated accordingly.

Classifications [top]

0. Root -> 18. Unknown
  
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
  Action Recovery plan:No
  Systematic monitoring scheme:No
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
  Area based regional management plan:No
  Invasive species control or prevention:No
In-Place Species Management
  Harvest management plan:No
  Successfully reintroduced or introduced beningly:No
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
  Subject to recent education and awareness programmes:No
  Included in international legislation:No
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:No
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.3. Tourism & recreation areas
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.3. Agro-industry farming
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats

Bibliography [top]

Beddome, R.H. 1886. An account of the earth snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History 17(5): 3-13.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

IUCN. 2018. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2018-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 28 June 2018).

Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, including the whole of the Indo-Chinese region. Reptilia and Amphibia Vol. III. Serpentes. Taylor and Francis, London.

Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, including the whole of the Indo-Chinese region. Vol. III. Serpentes. Taylor and Francis, London.


Citation: Srinivasulu, B., Srinivasulu, C., Ganesan, S.R. & Vijayakumar, S.P. 2018. Uropeltis nitida (amended version of 2013 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T172711A127978855. . Downloaded on 20 July 2018.
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