Avena volgensis 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Liliopsida Cyperales Gramineae

Scientific Name: Avena volgensis
Species Authority: (Vavilov) Nevski
Avena fatua subspecies nodopilosa var. subglabra subvar. speltiformis Vavilov ex Malzev
Avena sativa subspecies volgensis Vavilov
Taxonomic Notes: Avena volgensis (Vavilov) Nevski is a wild relative of oats, Avena sativa L. and A. byzantina K. Koch.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-04-13
Assessor(s): Smekalova, T. & Maslovky, O.
Reviewer(s): Bilz, M., Kell, S.P. & Nieto, A.
Contributor(s): Osborne, J. & Kell, S.P.

European regional assessment: Data Deficient (DD)
EU 27 regional assessment: Not Evaluated (NE)

Avena volgensis is a specialized weed of a local landrace of Triticum dicoccum. This landrace has been replaced with commercial varieties since the 1950s and the population of this weed has therefore declined dramatically. It is suspected that the species faces a high risk of extinction; however, in order to assess it, more information on the rate of decline in the last ten years or the actual area of occupancy is needed. It is therefore assessed as Data Deficient.

It does not occur within the EU 27.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Endemic to Central and Eastern European Russia (Valdés and Scholz; with contributions from Raab-Straube and Parolly 2009).
Countries occurrence:
Russian Federation (Central European Russia, East European Russia)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population of this species is in severe decline. It has probably declined by 80% since 1950.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is found in agricultural land where it is a specialized weed of a local landrace of Triticum dicoccon.
Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: A wild relative of and potential gene donor to oats, A. sativa and A. byzantina (Maxted et al. in prep.).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is threatened by the replacement of landraces with commercial crops.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The genus Avena is listed in Annex I of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

No germplasm accessions of A. volgensis are reported by EURISCO to be held in European genebanks (EURISCO Catalogue 2010). The ex situ conservation status of this species needs to be determined.

Information on the population size, distribution and trend in the last ten years is needed.

Classifications [top]

14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.1. Artificial/Terrestrial - Arable Land
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
3. Species management -> 3.4. Ex-situ conservation -> 3.4.2. Genome resource bank

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Unknown
In-Place Species Management
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:Unknown
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.3. Agro-industry farming
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Unknown ♦ severity: Unknown ⇒ Impact score: Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.2. Species disturbance

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
2. Conservation Planning -> 2.1. Species Action/Recovery Plan
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends
3. Monitoring -> 3.4. Habitat trends

Bibliography [top]

Bobrov, A.E., Bobrov, E.G., Fedorov, A.A. and Tzvelev, N.N. 1974. Flora Partis Europaeae URSS Volume I. Nauka, Leningrad.

EURISCO Catalogue. 2010. (Accessed: September 2010).

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: (Accessed: 16 June 2011).

Maxted, N., Dobbie, S.L. and Kell, S.P. In prep. Global priorities for crop wild relative conservation as a means of underpinning food security.

Valdés, B. and Scholz, H.; with contributions from Raab-Straube, E. von and Parolly, G. 2009. Poaceae (pro parte majore). Euro+Med Plantbase – the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Available at: (Accessed: 11 March 2010).

Citation: Smekalova, T. & Maslovky, O. 2013. Avena volgensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T172270A6861635. . Downloaded on 27 November 2015.
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