|Scientific Name:||Phylloderma stenops|
|Species Authority:||Peters, 1865|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Includes septentrionalis.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Sampaio, E., Lim, B., Peters, S. & Arroyo-Cabrales, J.|
|Reviewer/s:||Medellín, R. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
It is Least Concern because widespread and can be locally common.
|Range Description:||This species occurs from Chiapas, Mexico, and Belize, is patchily distributed through Honduras and the rest of Central America (not recorded in Nicaragua), to south Peru, Bolivia and southeastern Brazil, but appears to be absent from dry deciduous forest over much of southeastern Brazil (Eisenberg, 1989; Reid, 1997). Lowlands to 2,600 m (Emmons and Feer, 1997). However, it has recenty captured in Pantanal and Cerrado (Aguiar pers. comm.).|
Native:Belize; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras; Mexico; Panama; Peru; Suriname; Venezuela
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Uncommon to rare, but widespread (Emmons and Feer, 1997). Rare in Costa Rica (Pineda pers. comm.).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Poorly known. It is strongly associated with multistratal tropical evergreen forests but is broadly tolerant of man-made clearings in Venezuela (Handley, 1976).This mixed feeder will take fruits as well as insects. It has been recorded feeding on larvae and pupae, and from the nest of a social wasp. One individual caught in Costa Rica had eaten fruit, especially those of cucurbit vines (LaVal, 1977). One was collected while it was attacking a large rat, apparently a Proechimys. Females bear a single young. These bats are found around streams and swamps or marshes. It is usually captured in mist nets set over streams in evergreen forest. The roost is undescribed (Emmons and Feer, 1997).|
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats throughout its range.|
Reduce habitat loss (GMA Brazil). The species occurs in a number of protected areas throughout its range.
In Mexico is listed as threatened under NOM - 059 - SEMARNAT - 2001 (as Phyllostomus stenops) (Arroyo-Cabrales pers. comm.).
Eisenberg, J. F. 1989. Mammals of the Neotropics. The Northern Neotropics. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA and London, UK.
Emmons, L. H. and Feer, F. 1997. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide, Second edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, USA.
Handley Jr., C. O. 1976. Mammals of the Smithsonian Venezuelan Project. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin, Biological Series 20: 1-91.
IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 5 October 2008).
La Val, R. K. 1977. Notes on some Costa Rican bats. Brenesia (Museo Nacional de Costa Rica) 10–11: 77–83.
Reid, F. 1997. A field guide to the mammals of Central America and southeast Mexico. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
|Citation:||Sampaio, E., Lim, B., Peters, S. & Arroyo-Cabrales, J. 2008. Phylloderma stenops. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 May 2013.|
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