Jasus lalandii 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Arthropoda Malacostraca Decapoda Palinuridae

Scientific Name: Jasus lalandii (H. Milne Edwards, 1837)
Common Name(s):
English Cape Rock Lobster
Palinostus lalandii Bate, 1888
Palinosytus lalandii Stebbing, 1893
Palinurus lalandii H. Milne Edwards, 1837

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2009-12-03
Assessor(s): Cockcroft, A., Butler, M., MacDiarmid, A. & Wahle, R.
Reviewer(s): Collen, B., Livingstone, S. & Richman, N.
Contributor(s): Batchelor, A., De Silva, R., Dyer, E., Kasthala, G., Lutz, M.L., McGuinness, S., Milligan, H.T., Soulsby, A.-M. & Whitton, F.

Jasus lalandii has been assessed as Least Concern.  Although there have been population declines in the past, it is predicted due to continuing fisheries management that this species' population is stable.  Fluctuations are driven by recruitment rates, and for this species, fisheries are managed according to estimated yield.  This is still an abundant and common species, and its distribution overlaps with marine protected areas where dense populations are found with full size range.  Despite being listed as Least Concern, this species is susceptible to environmental effects on settlement and growth making well-managed fisheries essential.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is found around southern Africa, from Cape Cross in Namibia to Algoa Bay in Cape Province, South Africa (Holthuis 1991). The bulk of the population is found from Cape Point to Luderitz in Namibia.
Countries occurrence:
Namibia; South Africa (Northern Cape Province, Western Cape)
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – southeast
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):200
Upper depth limit (metres):5
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There is no specific population data for this species, however, it is considered common and abundant and is of significant commercial importance, being harvested as a food source using lobster pots and hoop nets (Holthuis 1991).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is found at a depth range of 5-200 m on rocky bottoms. They are typically found in deep crevices (Pollock 1979). It's diet includes a mix of mussels, barnacles, small molluscs and crustaceans (Barkai and Branch 1988).

Female age at maturity is estimated at five years (Pollock 1986). Longevity is approximately 30-40 years (A.C. Cockcroft pers. comm. 2009).
Generation Length (years):15

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is both commercially and recreationally caught (A.C. Cockcroft pers. comm. 2009).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Over-exploitation was a previous threat which caused 60-70 % declines in the past. However, the fisheries are now well managed, in an attempt to increase the biomass (reference?).

Environmental fluctuations is another possible threat resulting in decreased settlement of post-larvae and pre-recruit growth (reference?).

Another threat is sperm limited fertilisation due to the skewed sex ratio in the fished population (reference?).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: In South Africa there are a number of fishery management measures including a closed season from 1st June to 15th November; minimum size limit of 75 mm (CL) for commercial fishermen and 80 mm (CL) for recreational fishermen; prohibition of retaining berried females; inspection of landings; recreational bag limits; Total Allowable Catch; restricted fishing zones. Total Allowable Catch (TAC) limits steadily declined in response to declining stock (FAO 2001), but the TAC  have now stabilised. Additionally its distribution overlaps with marine protected areas where dense populations are found with full size range (reference?).

Classifications [top]

9. Marine Neritic -> 9.2. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
  Harvest management plan:Yes
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.1. Intentional use: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest]
♦ timing:Past, Unlikely to Return ♦ scope:Majority (50-90%) ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Past Impact 
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.3. Indirect species effects -> 2.3.6. Skewed sex ratios

♦  Food - human
 Local : ✓   National : ✓  International : ✓ 

♦  Sport hunting/specimen collecting
 Local : ✓   National : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Barkai, A. and Branch, G.M. 1988. Energy requirements for a dense population of rock lobsters Jasus lalandii: novel importance of unorthodox food sources. Marine Ecology Progress Series 50: 83-96.

Bate, C.S. 1888. eport on the Crustacea Macrura collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Zoology 24: i-xc, 1-942.


Holthuis, L.B. 1991. Marine lobsters of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries known to date. FAO species catalogue 13(125). FAO, Rome.

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: (Accessed: 30 June 2017).

Milne Edwards, H. 1837. Histoires naturelles des Crustaces, comprenant l'anatomie, la physiologie et la classification de ces animaux. Librairie encyclop├ędique de Roret, Paris.

Pollock, D.E. 1979. Predator-prey relationships between the rock lobster Jasus lalandii and the mussel Aulacomys ater at Robben Island on the Cape west coast of Afric. Marine Biology 52: 347-356.

Pollock, D.E. 1986. Review of the fishery for and biology of the Cape rock lobster Jasus lalandii with notes on larval recruitment. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 43: 2107-2117.

Citation: Cockcroft, A., Butler, M., MacDiarmid, A. & Wahle, R. 2011. Jasus lalandii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T170072A6725661. . Downloaded on 22 September 2018.
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