|Scientific Name:||Varanus mabitang|
|Species Authority:||Gaulke & Curio, 2001|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Gaulke, M., Diesmos, A., Demegillo, A. & Gonzalez, J.C.|
|Reviewer/s:||Cox, N. & Hoffmann, M. (Global Reptile Assessment Coordinating Team)|
Listed as Endangered because, the species is restricted to around 400 km² of primary forest on Panay Island, its habitat is severely fragmented, and the population is declining through direct hunting of animals.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the island of Panay in the Philippines. It is generally distributed in the still forested parts of the mountain ranges of northwestern and western Panay. Animals have been recorded from around 200 to 1,000 m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It appears to be a very rare species. Only twelve animals have been caught since 2002.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This highly arboreal species is associated with large trees in primary lowland tropical moist forest. It has been recorded between 200 to 1,000 m asl, however, it is particularly rare above 600 m asl. This is a highly specialized frugivorous monitor lizard. It reportedly needs Dipterocarpaceae as sleeping places (Gaulke 2005). It is unlikely to be present in modified habitats, especially where food trees are absent.|
|Major Threat(s):||The species is considered to be very threatened by the loss and degradation of its lowland forest habitat, through conversion of land to agricultural use and logging operations. In addition to the threat of habitat loss, this lizard is a favourite food animal, possibly related to its frugivorous diet, and overhunting represents a serious threat to the species.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are ongoing projects on Panay to conserve remaining areas of suitable habitat, and on the biology and habitat requirements of this lizard, run by non-governmental organizations (Biologische Patenschaften e.V., Eschborn [BIOPAT] and Philippine Endemic Species Conservation Project [PESCP]). The species is present in the Central Panay and North West Panay protected areas. It is listed on Appendix II of CITES.|
Gaulke, M., Altenbach, A.V., Demegillo, A. and Struck, U. 2005. On the distribution and biology of Varanus mabitang. Silliman Journal 46(2): 89-117.
Gaulke, M., Altenbach, A.V., Demegillo, A. and Struck, U. 2007. On the diet of Varanus mabitang. Mertensiella 16: 228-239.
Gaulke, M. and Curio, E. 2001. A new monitor lizard from Panay Island, Philippines (Reptilia, Sauria, Varanidae). Spixiana 24: 275-286.
Gaulke, M., Curio, E., Demegillo, A. and Paulino, N. 2002. Varanus mabitang, a rare monitor lizard from Panay Island and a new conservation target. Silliman Journal 43: 24-41.
IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.2). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 3 November 2009).
|Citation:||Gaulke, M., Diesmos, A., Demegillo, A. & Gonzalez, J.C. 2009. Varanus mabitang. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 April 2014.|
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