Barbus profundus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Barbus profundus
Species Authority: Greenwood, 1970
Barbus radiatus subspecies profundus Greenwood, 1970

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2007-03-01
Assessor(s): Snoeks, J., Laleye, P. & Contreras-MacBeath, T.
Reviewer(s): Collen, B., Darwall, W., Ram, M. & Smith, K. (SRLI Freshwater Fish Evaluation Workshop)
Assessed as Data Deficient as there are numerous threats facing the habitat of B. profundus, but further information regarding its distribution within the lake, its current status and ecology is required to determine to what extent the species may be affected by such threats.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known only from Lake Victoria, which has a surface area of 67,075 km².
Kenya; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Currently, there is a lack of detailed population numbers and the global trend is unknown.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: B. profundus is a benthopelagic species, that occurs in offshore localities.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are numerous threats facing Lake Victoria, including eutrophication, over-exploitation of fisheries, introduced exotic species, and climate change. These threats are compounded by rapid population growth in the lake's catchment area. Pollutants enter the lake in the form of domestic and industrial wastewater, solid wastes, sediments from soil erosion in the catchment area, agricultural wastes and atmospheric deposition. The lake has a long water retention time, meaning that pollutants entering the lake remain in it for a long time. Parts of the lake are now considered dead zones, unable to sustain life due to oxygen deficiency in the water. The threats facing the lake have reduced the biodiversity of the lakes fauna, most notably the phytoplankton and fish (Kayombo and Jorgensen 2006).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no conservation measures or actions known.

Bibliography [top]

Anon. 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London. Natural History Museum, London.

Anon. 2000. Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. Grahamstown.

Anon. 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park W.

Cambray, J.A. 1983. The feeding habits of minnows of the genus Barbus (Pisces, Cyrpinidae) in Africa, with special reference to Barbus anoplus Weber. Journal of the Limnological Society of South Africa 9(1): 12-22.

Eschmeyer, W.N. 1998. Catalog of fishes: 3 volumes. California Academy of Science.

Fermon, Y. 1997. Les Haplochromis spp. (Teleostei, Cichlidae) des zones rocheuses du Mwanza Gulf, lac Victoria, Tanzanie: Structure des communautes et écomorphologie. hèse présentée pour l'obtention du Diplôme de Doctorat du Muséum National d'Histoire naturelle. Thèses et Documents Microfichés No. 157, ORSTOM.

Froese, R. and Pauly, D. 2006. FishBase. Available at:

IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.2). Available at: (Accessed: 3 November 2009).

Kayombo, S. and Jorgensen, S.E. 2006. Lake Victoria: Experience and Lessons Learned Brief. Lake Basin Mangement Initiative. International Lake Environment Committee.

Lévêque, C. and Daget, J. 1984. Cyprinidae. In: J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds), Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA), pp. 217-342. ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren.

Seegers, L. 1996. The fishes of the Lake Rukwa drainage. Annales Musee Royal de 1'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Serie IN-8, Sciences Zoologiques 278: 1-407.

van Oijen, M.J.P. 1995. Appendix I. Key to Lake Victoria fishes other than haplochromine cichlids. In: F. Witte and W.L.T. van Densen (eds), Fish stocks and fisheries of Lake Victoria. A handbook for field observations, pp. 209-300. Samara Publishing Limited, Dyfed, Great Britain.

Wu, H.L., Shao, K.T. and Lai, C.F. 1999. Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan.

Citation: Snoeks, J., Laleye, P. & Contreras-MacBeath, T. 2009. Barbus profundus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 04 September 2015.
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