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Hemigrammus pulcher

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII CHARACIFORMES CHARACIDAE

Scientific Name: Hemigrammus pulcher
Species Authority: Ladiges, 1938
Common Name(s):
English Black wedge tetra, Garnet tetra, Pretty, Pretty tetra
Spanish Mojarita, Sardinita, Tetra granate

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2007-03-01
Assessor(s): Reis, R & Lima, F.
Reviewer(s): Collen, B., Darwall, W., Ram, M. & Smith, K. (SRLI Freshwater Fish Evaluation Workshop)
Justification:
Assessed as Least Concern due to its sizeable distribution and the lack of any known major widespread threats.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species appears to be relatively common around Iquitos and probably in another localities in the Peruvian Amazon. The species apparently also occurs in Colombia and Brazil, although in the latter the similar-looking Hemigrammus haraldi also occurs and misidentification of collections may have been made (Lima pers. comm. 2007).
Countries:
Native:
Peru
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species has a stable population trend at present.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: H. pulcher is a benthopelagic (ecological region at the lowest level of water body) species. Lives in large streams and rivers, and probably associated flood plains. A generalist mid-water swimmer, feeding on insects, plant matter, and the like.
Systems: Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is harvested for the pet trade, although not currently at a level that is causing concern.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is harvested for the aquarium trade, but probably not as intensively in a way that could jeopardize natural populations. There are no other meaningful impacts are known to affect the species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no conservation measures in place and research into the population trends are required.

Bibliography [top]

Anon. 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum. Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).

Anon. 2000. Fish collection database of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL), Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.

Anon. 2000. The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Icthyology and Herpetology, Zoological.

Anon. 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution)..

Anon. 2001. Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Unpublished.

Anon. 2003. Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.

Aquarium Science Association of the Philippines, Inc. (ASAP). 1996. Aquarium species in the Philippines. ASAP Aquarist Database Report.. Quezon City.

Barriga, R. 1991. Peces de agua dulce del Ecuador. Revista de Informacion tecnico-cientifica, Quito, Ecuador, Politecnica XVI(3): 7-88.

Bassleer, G. 1997. Color guide of tropical fish diseases: on freshwater fish. Bassleer Biofish, Westmeerbeek, Belgium.

Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten (BMELF). 1999. Gutachten über Mindestanforderungen an die Haltung von Zierfischen (Süßwasser). Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft un.

Carl, H. 2003. Danish fish names. Unpublished.

Froese, R. and Pauly, D. 2006. FishBase. Available at: www.fishbase.org.

Géry, J. 1977. Characoids of the world. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey, USA.

Grabda, E. and Heese, T. 1991. Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces..

Gyldenholm, A.O. and Scheel, J.J. 1974. Chromosome numbers of fishes. In: J.P. Wourms, D.E. Semler, J.V. Merriner et al. (ed.), Genetic studies of fish: II, pp. 90-97. MSS Information Corporation, New York.

IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.2). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 3 November 2009).

Klinkhardt, M, Tesche, M. and Greven, H. 1995. Database of fish chromosomes..

Lima, F.C.T. 2007. personal comment.

Lima, F.C.T., Malabarba, L.R., Buckup, P.A., Pezzi da Silva, J.F., Vari, R.P., Harold, A., Benine, R., Oyakawa, O.T., Pavanelli, C.S., Menezes, N.A., Lucena, C.A.S., Malabarba, M.C.S.L., Lucena, Z.M.S., Reis, R.E., Langeani, F., Cassati, L. and Bertaco, V.A. 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis (uncertain placement) in Characidae. In: R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds), Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America, pp. 106-168. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Mills, D. and Vevers, G. 1989. The Tetra encyclopaedia of freshwater tropical aquarium fishes. Tetra Press, New Jersey.

Ortega, H. and Vari, R.P. 1986. Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of Peru. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 437: 1-25.

Porto, J.I.R., Feldberg, E., Nakayama, C.M. and Falcao, J.N. 1992. A checklist of chromosome numbers and karyotypes of Amazonian freshwater fishes. Revue d'Hydrobiologie Tropicale 25(4): 287-299.

Post, A. 1965. Vergleichende Untersuchungen der Chromosomenzahlen bei Süßwasser-Teleosteern. Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 3: 47-93.

Rass, T.S. 1983. Fish. Prosveschenie, Moscow.

Riehl, R. and Baensch, H.A. 1991. Aquarien Atlas. Band 1.: 992.

Riehl, R. and Baensch, H.A. 1996. Aquarien Atlas, Band 1..

Robins, C.R., Bailey, R.M., Bond, C.E., Brooker, J.R., Lachner, E.A., Lea, R.N. and Scott, W.B. 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada..

Scheel, J.J. 1973. Fish chromosomes and their evolution. Interval Report of Danmarks Akvarium, Charlottenlu.

Schliewen, U.K. 1992. Aquarium fish..

Swedish Museum of Natural History. 1999. NRM Ichthyology collection database. Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.

Tello, S. and Sánchez, H. 1995. To be filled. Unpublished.

Vasil'ev, V.P. 1980. Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. Journal of Ichthyology 20(3): 1-38.

Wu, H.L., Shao, K.T. and Lai, C.F. 1999. Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan.


Citation: Reis, R & Lima, F. 2009. Hemigrammus pulcher. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 27 August 2014.
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