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Hemigrammus pulcher 

Scope: Global
Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_onStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Characiformes Characidae

Scientific Name: Hemigrammus pulcher
Species Authority: Ladiges, 1938
Common Name(s):
English Black wedge tetra, Garnet tetra, Pretty, Pretty tetra
Spanish Mojarita, Sardinita, Tetra granate

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2014-04-22
Assessor(s): Chuctaya, J., Ortega Torres, H., Correa, E., Reis, R. & Lima, F.
Reviewer(s): Tognelli, M.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Tognelli, M.
Justification:
This species is assessed as Least Concern because it has a wide distribution, is common, and there are no known major threats currently affecting it.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs in the Peruvian Amazon in the Marañon and Ucayali River basins (Ortega et al. 2012) in the Amazon basin of Colombia (Mojica et al. 2005), and in the Napo River basin of Ecuador (Barriga 2012). It apparently also occurs in Brazil, although this may be the similar-looking Hemigrammus haraldi (F. Lima pers. comm. 2007).
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):90
Upper elevation limit (metres):300
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species has a stable population trend at present. It appears to be relatively common around Iquitos and probably in another localities in the Peruvian Amazon.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species inhabits large streams and rivers, and probably associated flood plains. A generalist mid-water swimmer, feeding on insects, plant matter, and the like.
Systems:Freshwater
Congregatory:Congregatory (and dispersive)

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is harvested for the pet trade, although not currently at a level that is causing concern.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is harvested for the aquarium trade, but probably not as intensively in a way that could jeopardize natural populations. There are no other meaningful impacts known to affect the species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no conservation measures in place and research into the population trends are required. It is not known if populations are found in protected areas.

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:No
  Occur in at least one PA:Unknown
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.1. Intentional use: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest]
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Minority (<50%) ♦ severity:No decline ⇒ Impact score:Low Impact: 4 
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
3. Monitoring -> 3.2. Harvest level trends

Bibliography [top]

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Anon. 2000. Fish collection database of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL), Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.

Anon. 2000. The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Icthyology and Herpetology, Zoological.

Anon. 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution)..

Anon. 2001. Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Unpublished.

Anon. 2003. Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.

Aquarium Science Association of the Philippines, Inc. (ASAP). 1996. Aquarium species in the Philippines. ASAP Aquarist Database Report.. Quezon City.

Barriga, R. 1991. Peces de agua dulce del Ecuador. Revista de Informacion tecnico-cientifica, Quito, Ecuador, Politecnica XVI(3): 7-88.

Bassleer, G. 1997. Color guide of tropical fish diseases: on freshwater fish. Bassleer Biofish, Westmeerbeek, Belgium.

Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten (BMELF). 1999. Gutachten über Mindestanforderungen an die Haltung von Zierfischen (Süßwasser). Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft un.

Carl, H. 2003. Danish fish names. Unpublished.

Froese, R. and Pauly, D. 2006. FishBase. Available at: www.fishbase.org.

Géry, J. 1977. Characoids of the world. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey, USA.

Grabda, E. and Heese, T. 1991. Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces..

Gyldenholm, A.O. and Scheel, J.J. 1974. Chromosome numbers of fishes. In: J.P. Wourms, D.E. Semler, J.V. Merriner et al. (ed.), Genetic studies of fish: II, pp. 90-97. MSS Information Corporation, New York.

IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 30 June 2016).

Klinkhardt, M, Tesche, M. and Greven, H. 1995. Database of fish chromosomes..

Lima, F.C.T. 2007. personal comment.

Lima, F.C.T., Malabarba, L.R., Buckup, P.A., Pezzi da Silva, J.F., Vari, R.P., Harold, A., Benine, R., Oyakawa, O.T., Pavanelli, C.S., Menezes, N.A., Lucena, C.A.S., Malabarba, M.C.S.L., Lucena, Z.M.S., Reis, R.E., Langeani, F., Cassati, L. and Bertaco, V.A. 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis (uncertain placement) in Characidae. In: R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds), Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America, pp. 106-168. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.

Mills, D. and Vevers, G. 1989. The Tetra encyclopaedia of freshwater tropical aquarium fishes. Tetra Press, New Jersey.

Ortega, H. and Vari, R.P. 1986. Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of Peru. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 437: 1-25.

Porto, J.I.R., Feldberg, E., Nakayama, C.M. and Falcao, J.N. 1992. A checklist of chromosome numbers and karyotypes of Amazonian freshwater fishes. Revue d'Hydrobiologie Tropicale 25(4): 287-299.

Post, A. 1965. Vergleichende Untersuchungen der Chromosomenzahlen bei Süßwasser-Teleosteern. Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 3: 47-93.

Rass, T.S. 1983. Fish. Prosveschenie, Moscow.

Riehl, R. and Baensch, H.A. 1991. Aquarien Atlas. Band 1.: 992.

Riehl, R. and Baensch, H.A. 1996. Aquarien Atlas, Band 1..

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Scheel, J.J. 1973. Fish chromosomes and their evolution. Interval Report of Danmarks Akvarium, Charlottenlu.

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Swedish Museum of Natural History. 1999. NRM Ichthyology collection database. Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.

Tello, S. and Sánchez, H. 1995. To be filled. Unpublished.

Vasil'ev, V.P. 1980. Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. Journal of Ichthyology 20(3): 1-38.

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Citation: Chuctaya, J., Ortega Torres, H., Correa, E., Reis, R. & Lima, F. 2016. Hemigrammus pulcher. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T167811A53822474. . Downloaded on 29 September 2016.
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