|Scientific Name:||Diapoma terofali|
|Species Authority:||(Géry, 1964)|
Glandulocauda terofali Géry, 1964
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Reis, R & Lima, F.|
|Reviewer/s:||Collen, B., Darwall, W., Ram, M. & Smith, K. (SRLI Freshwater Fish Evaluation Workshop)|
This wide ranging species has been assessed as Least Concern because it is locally abundant. Although this species was under major threats in the past, it is unlikely that decline is still taking place.
|Range Description:||This species is found in the lower Paraná and Uruguay River basins, in Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil.|
Native:Argentina; Brazil; Uruguay
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Locally abundant species.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||D. terofali is a benthopelagic (ecological region at the lowest level of water body) species. It occurs in medium and small sized rivers and swims in small schools.|
It is very likely that D. terofali is threatened by habitat degradation and water pollution. The Uruguay River basin has undergone intense deforestation since the onset of colonization. There is almost no original vegetation left, (there has been a 92.4% loss of original forest cover) and this has greatly affected the ecological balance, causing a desertification process to occur in the area (Diegues 1994). In addition, with there being at least 13 dams, there is a high degree of river fragmentation within the basin (Water Resources eAtlas 2005), and as a result, populations of most migratory fish species are severely diminished in the middle and upper Uruguay river (FAO 1996). However, it is unknown how this habitat alteration would have affected D. terofali.
The Paraná basin is also threatened by degradation in the quality of the basin's water resources, due to the disposal of untreated domestic and industrial effluents (Diegues, 1994), however, this is largely in the upper part of the basin, whereas the lower Paraná basin has a relatively low human population and is still in a rather pristine condition over large parts (Junk 2005).
However, the extent to which the above threats are acting on this species now is likely to have weakened significantly over the last decade and are probably not causing major decline now.
|Conservation Actions:||There are no conservation measures in place and research into general biology and ecology (habitat status and population trends) are required.|
Anon. 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution)..
Diegues, A.C.S. 1994. An Inventory of Brazilian Wetlands. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Eschmeyer, W.N. 1999. Catalo of fishes. Updated database version of November 1999..
Food and Agriculture Organisation. 1996. Control of Water Pollution from Agriculture. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Papers.
Froese, R. and Pauly, D. 2006. FishBase. Available at: www.fishbase.org.
IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.2). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 3 November 2009).
Junk, W.J. 2005. Ecology and Management of Large South American Rivers and their Floodplains. International River Symposium. Brisbane, Australia.
Nion, H., Rios, C. and Meneses, P. 2002. Peces del Uruguay: Lista sistemática y nombres comunes. Montevideo, DINARA, Infopesca.
Water Resources eAtlas. 2005. Watersheds of the World. Available at: http://www.iucn.org/themes/wani/eatlas/. (Accessed: 10th November).
Weitzman, S.H. 2003. Glandulocaudinae (Characins, tetras). In: R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds), Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America, pp. 222-230. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.
Weitzman, S.H. and Fink, S.V. 1985. Xenurobryconin phylogeny and putative pheromone pumps in glandulocaudine fishes (Teleostei: Characidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 421: i-iii + 1-121.
Weitzman, S.H. and Menezes, N.A. 1998. Relationships of the tribes and genera of the Glandulocaudinae (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Characidae) with a description of a new genus, Chrysobrycon. In: L.R. Malabarba, R.E. Reis, R.P. Vari, Z.M.S. Lucena and C.A.S. Lucena (eds), Phylogeny and classification of neotropical fishes., pp. 171-192. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS.
|Citation:||Reis, R & Lima, F. 2009. Diapoma terofali. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 08 March 2014.|
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