|Scientific Name:||Centropyge multispinis|
|Species Authority:||(Playfair, 1867)|
Centropyge multispinus (Playfair, 1867)
Holacanthus multispinis Playfair, 1867
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Pyle, R., Myers, R. & Pratchett, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. & Carpenter, K.E.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, large overall population (reported population declines appear to be localized), collection for the aquarium fish trade is not globally impacting the population, and there are no other potential major threats.
|Range Description:||This widely distributed species is found throughout the western and northern Indian Ocean, where it ranges from the East African coast (Tanzania and Mozambique) and Red Sea (Oman) in the west to western Thailand and Sumatra (Indonesia) in the east. There is a questionable record from Darwin on the north coast of Australia (Steene 1978). It may be present in Madagascar, but this needs to be confirmed. It has been recorded at depths of 1-30 m.|
Native:British Indian Ocean Territory; Comoros; Djibouti; Egypt; Eritrea; India; Israel; Jordan; Kenya; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Mauritius; Mayotte; Mozambique; Myanmar; Oman; Réunion; Saudi Arabia; Seychelles; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Yemen
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western
|Lower depth limit (metres):||30|
|Upper depth limit (metres):||1|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is generally common with stable populations (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006). It is the most abundant member of the genus in the Indian Ocean, being particularly common at the Maldives and the Chagos Archipelago (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006).|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Populations of this species are usually found over rubble areas close to coral reefs, but may also be found among coral in lagoons and on outer reefs (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006).|
|Use and Trade:||This species is sometimes collected for the aquarium trade (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006).|
There appear to be no major threats to this species. Although it is collected for the aquarium trade, harvest levels are not considered to be impacting the global population. There is no substantial habitat loss in the range of this species, however a localized population decline of 33% in association with general habitat degradation occurred following a 1998 coral bleaching event in the Seychelles Islands (Spalding and Jarvis 2002).
There appear to be no species-specific conservation measures in place. This species is believed to be present within a number of marine protected areas.
Allen, G.R. and Adrim, M. 2003. Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zoological Studies 42(1): 1-72.
Allen, G.R., Steene, R. and Allen, M. 1998. A guide to angelfishes and butterflyfishes. Odyssey Publishing/Tropical Reef Research.
Cornic, A. 1987. Poissons de l'Ile Maurice. Editions de l'Océan Indien. Stanley Rose Hill, Ile Maurice.
Dantis, A.L. and Aliño, P.M. 2002. Checklist of Philippine reef fishes. In: P.M. Aliño, E.F.B. Miclat, C.L. Nañola Jr., H.A. Roa-Quiaoit and R.T. Campos (eds), Atlas of Philippine coral reefs.Philippine Coral Reef Information (Philreefs), pp. 208-226. Goodwill Trading Co., Inc., Quezon, Philippines.
Fricke, R. 1999. Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Theses Zoology, Königstein, Germany.
Garpe, K.C. and Öhman, M.C. 2003. Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island Marine Park, Tanzania: fish-habitat interactions. Hydrobiologia 498: 191-211.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 October 2010).
Kapoor, D., Dayal, R. and Ponniah, A.G. 2002. Fish biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, India.
Khalaf, M.A. and Disi, A.M. 1997. Fishes of the Gulf of Aqaba. Marine Science Station, Aqaba, Jordan.
Letourneur, Y., Chabanet, P., Durville, P., Taquet, M., Teissier, E., Parmentier, M., Quéro, J.-C. and Pothin, K. 2004. An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean. Cybium 28(3): 199-216.
Monkolprasit, S., Sontirat, S., Vimollohakarn, S. and Songsirikul, T. 1997. Checklist of Fishes in Thailand. Office of Environmental Policy and Planning, Bangkok, Thailand.
Nouguier, J. and Refait, D. 1990. Poissons de l'Océan Indien: les Iles Maldives. Réalisations Editoriales Pédagogiques, Paris, France.
Randall, J.E. 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Randall, J.E. and Anderson, R.C. 1993. Annotated checklist of the epipelagic and shore fishes of the Maldives Islands. Ichthyology Bulletin of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 59: 1-47.
Smith, J.L.B. and Smith, M.M. 1963. The fishes of Seychelles. Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa.
Spalding, M.D. and Jarvis, G. 2002. Impacts of the 1998 coral mortality on reef fish communities in the Seychelles. Marine Pollution Bulletin 44: 309-321.
Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. A.H. and A.W. Reed Pty Ltd., Australia.
Winterbottom, R. and Anderson, R.C. 1997. A revised checklist of the epipelagic and shore fishes of the Chagos Archipelago, Central Indian Ocean. Ichthyology Bulletin of the Smithsonian Institute 66: 1-28.
|Citation:||Pyle, R., Myers, R. & Pratchett, M. 2010. Centropyge multispinis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T165876A6154884. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T165876A6154884.en . Downloaded on 06 October 2015.|
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