|Scientific Name:||Pomacanthus xanthometopon|
|Species Authority:||(Bleeker, 1853)|
Euxiphipops xanthometopon (Bleeker, 1853)
Holacanthus xanthometopon Bleeker, 1853
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Pyle, R., Myers, R., Rocha, L.A. & Craig, M.T.|
|Reviewer(s):||Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. & Carpenter, K.E.|
Listed as Least Concern, as this is a common species with a relatively wide range and no apparent major threats.
|Range Description:||This species is distributed throughout the central and eastern Indian Ocean and Indo-Malayan region, eastward to the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and the Caroline Islands (Federated States of Micronesia and Palau), northward to the Ryukyu Islands (Japan), and as far south as New Caledonia (France) and the Great Barrier Reef (Australia) (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006, Pyle 2001). It is found at depths of between 5-30 m.|
Native:Australia; Bangladesh; India (Andaman Is., Nicobar Is.); Indonesia; Japan; Malaysia; Maldives; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Myanmar; New Caledonia; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Singapore; Solomon Islands; Sri Lanka; Taiwan, Province of China; Thailand; Vanuatu; Viet Nam
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is generally common with stable populations.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is found in areas of prolific coral growth in lagoons, channels and outer reef slopes (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006). It is especially associated with areas that have caves and large crevices. It occurs as solitary animals or in pairs. This species feeds on sponges and tunicates (Pyle 2001).|
|Use and Trade:||This species is occasionally exported for the aquarium trade, often through dealers in the Philippines or Singapore (Steene 1978, Pyle 2001).|
There appear to be no major threats to this species. Collection for the aquarium trade is localized and does not seem to affect the global population.
|Conservation Actions:||There are no species-specific conservation measures in place. Populations are present within several marine protected areas throughout its range.|
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Allen, G.R. and Adrim, M. 2003. Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zoological Studies 42(1): 1-72.
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Myers, R.F. 1991. Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam.
Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam.
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Pyle, R. 2001. Pomacanthidae: Angelfishes. In: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds), FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae), pp. 3266-3286. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. and Steene, R.C. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Randall, J.E. and Anderson, R.C. 1993. Annotated checklist of the epipelagic and shore fishes of the Maldives Islands. Ichthyology Bulletin of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 59: 1-47.
Randall, J.E. and Lim, K.K.P. 2000. A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 8: 569-667.
Shao, K.-T. 1997. A checklist of fishes recorded in Taiwan and their distribution around Taiwan.
Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. A.H. and A.W. Reed Pty Ltd., Australia.
Werner, T.B. and Allen, G.R. 1998. Reef fishes of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. In: T.B. Werner and G.R. Allen (eds), A Rapid Marine Biodiversity Assessment of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea--Survey II (2000). Conservation International, Washington, USA.
Werner, T.B. and Allen, G.R. 2000. A rapid marine biodiversity assessment of the Calamianes Islands, Palawan province, Philippines. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 17. Conservation International, Washington, USA.
|Citation:||Pyle, R., Myers, R., Rocha, L.A. & Craig, M.T. 2010. Pomacanthus xanthometopon. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 02 September 2014.|