|Scientific Name:||Apolemichthys griffisi|
|Species Authority:||(Carlson & Taylor, 1981)|
Holacanthus griffisi Carlson & Taylor, 1981
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Pyle, R., Myers, R., Rocha, L.A. & Craig, M.T.|
|Reviewer(s):||Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. & Carpenter, K.E.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, large overall population and no apparent major threats.
|Range Description:||This species is widely distributed from Southeast Asia eastwards to the Line Islands (certainly Kiribati and possibly US Line Islands) (Pyle 2001). It has been recorded from Indonesia (Lieseke and Myers 1994), Kiribati (Myers 1991), Naura (Myers 1991), the Solomon Islands (R. Pyle pers. comm. 2009), and Papua New Guinea (Lieseke and Myers 1994). It has been observed at depths of 10 to 110 m.|
Native:Indonesia; Kiribati; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Nauru; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Solomon Islands
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||In general the species is common with stable populations.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species has been recorded from outer coral reef slopes, rocky ledges and drop-offs, where it is usually observed as solitary animals, in pairs or small groups (Pyle 2001). It feeds on sponges and tunicates (Pyle 2001).|
|Use and Trade:||This species is reported to be rarely exported through the aquarium trade (Pyle 2001). Endoh (2007) states that animals in trade are collected from Christmas Island (Kiritimati [part of Kiribati]) in the Pacific Ocean). He further reports that this is one of the more expensive fishes in the aquarium hobby (Endoh 2007).|
There appear to be no major threats to this species. Collection of specimens is limited and is not believed to constitute a threat.
There appear to be no species-specific conservation measures in place. This species is believed to be present within a number of marine protected areas.
Allen, G.R., Steene, R. and Allen, M. 1998. A guide to angelfishes and butterflyfishes. Odyssey Publishing/Tropical Reef Research.
Endoh, K. 2007. Angelfishes of the World. Two Little Fishies, Inc., Miami Gardens, Florida.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 October 2010).
Lieske, E. and Myers, R. 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific and Caribbean including the Red Sea. Harper Collins Publishers.
Myers, R.F. 1991. Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam.
Pyle, R. 2001. Pomacanthidae: Angelfishes. In: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds), FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae), pp. 3266-3286. FAO, Rome, Italy.
|Citation:||Pyle, R., Myers, R., Rocha, L.A. & Craig, M.T. 2010. Apolemichthys griffisi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 27 March 2015.|
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