|Scientific Name:||Chaetodon melapterus|
|Species Authority:||Guichenot, 1863|
Chaetodon melanopterus Playfair, 1867
Chaetodon trifasciatus arabica Steindachner, 1899
Choetodon melapterus Guichenot, 1863
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Pyle, R., Rocha, L.A., Craig, M.T. & Pratchett, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. & Carpenter, K.E.|
While there have been no declines documented, this species feeds predominantly on live coral cover and is likely to be susceptible to extensive coral loss. It is restricted to the Arabian Gulf, but there are no obvious major threats other than coral loss. It is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species is restricted to the Arabian Gulf, southern Arabian Peninsula (Gulf of Oman to Gulf of Aden), and southern Red Sea (Allen et al. 1998). Randall (1994) showed that the alleged type locality of Réunion is probably an error. It is found at depths between 2-16 m.|
Native:Bahrain; Djibouti; Eritrea; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Oman; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Somalia; Sudan; United Arab Emirates; Yemen
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Indian Ocean – western
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is generally common with stable populations (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is usually found in coastal reefs rich in coral growth interspersed with sand patches (Allen 1980). Animals are usually encountered in pairs, but sometimes observed in larger aggregations numbering in excess of 20 individuals (Allen 1980). It feeds predominantly on live corals.|
|Use and Trade:||This species is sometimes collected for the aquarium trade (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006). It is a coral feeder and not considered suitable for aquarium life (Allen 1980).|
|Major Threat(s):||This species feeds predominantly on live coral, and may therefore decline in abundance following climate-induced coral depletion (Pratchett et al. 2008). Currently there has been no documented declines in its abundance, and there appear to be no other major threats to this species.|
There appear to be no species-specific conservation measures in place. This species is likely present within marine protected areas. Monitoring of this species is needed in conjunction with coral monitoring, as well as determination of the degree of co-dependence between this species and corals.
Allen, G.R. 1980. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Wiley, New York.
Allen, G.R., Steene, R. and Allen, M. 1998. A guide to angelfishes and butterflyfishes. Odyssey Publishing/Tropical Reef Research.
Burgess, W.E. 1978. Butterflyfishes of the world. A monograph of the Family Chaetodontidae. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey.
Carpenter, K.E., Krupp, F., Jones, D.A. and Zajonz, U. 1997. Living marine resources of Kuwait, eastern Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Fricke, R. 1999. Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Theses Zoology, Königstein, Germany.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 October 2010).
Pratchett, M.S., Munday, P.L., Wilson, S.K., Graham, N.A.J., Cinner, J.E., Bellwood, D.R., Jones, G.P., Polunin, N.V.C. and McClanahan, T.R. 2008. Effects of climate-induced coral bleaching on coral reef fishes - Ecological and economic consequences. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 46: 251-296.
Randall, J.E. 1994. Twenty-two new records of fishes from the Red Sea. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 14: 259-275.
Randall, J.E. 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Randall, J.E. and van Egmond, J. 1994. Marine fishes from the Seychelles: 108 new records. Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 297: 43-83.
Righton, D., Kemp, J. and Ormond, R. 1996. Biogeography, community structure and diversity of Red Sea and western Indian Ocean butterflyfishes. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 76(1): 223-228.
|Citation:||Pyle, R., Rocha, L.A., Craig, M.T. & Pratchett, M. 2010. Chaetodon melapterus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 December 2014.|
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