|Scientific Name:||Chelmon rostratus|
|Species Authority:||(Linnaeus, 1758)|
Chaelmo rostratus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Chaetodon enceladus Shaw, 1791
Chaetodon rostratus Linnaeus, 1758
Chelmo rostratus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Chelmon lol Thiollière, 1857
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Myers, R. & Pratchett, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. & Carpenter, K.E.|
This species is among the most frequently caught butterflyfishes for the aquarium market. Monitoring of the population trends, habitat status and harvest levels of this species is required. It lives in a range of habitat types and is not restricted to coral reefs. Apart from the aquarium trade, there are no major threats to this species and it is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species occurs from southern Japan and Taiwan throughout the Coral Triangle, northern Thailand and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to the Solomon Islands and the northern coast of Australia from the Gulf of Carpenteria to Sydney. It lives in depths of 1-25 m. Range size ~17.3 million km2, from values estimated by Jones et al. (2002) based on projections of distribution maps from Allen et al. (1998).|
Native:Australia; Cambodia; Hong Kong; Indonesia; Japan; Malaysia; Myanmar; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Singapore; Solomon Islands; Sri Lanka; Taiwan, Province of China; Thailand; Viet Nam
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Indian Ocean – eastern; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – southwest; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is generally common (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006). There is no evidence of changes in its abundance.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species inhabits coastal and inner reefs, often in turbid water. It occurs either singly or in pairs. The elongated snout is adapted for feeding on benthic invertebrates from small crevices (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006).|
|Use and Trade:||Approximately 42,000 individuals were traded between 1988-2002, making it the most frequently traded butterflyfish (Global Marine Aquarium Database).|
|Major Threat(s):||This species is collected for the aquarium trade, however, there is no data on how this affects the population. There appear to be no other major threats to this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. It occurs within marine protected areas. Monitoring of the population trends, habitat status and harvest levels of this species is required.|
Adrim, M., Chen, I.-S., Chen, Z.-P., Lim, K.K.P., Tan, H.H., Yusof, Y. and Jaafar, Z. 2004. Marine fishes recorded from the Anambas and Natuna Islands, South China Sea. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. No. 11: 117-130.
Global Marine Aquarium Database. 2009. World Conservation Monitoring Centre, UNEP.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 October 2010).
Jones, G.P., Caley, M.J. and Munday, P.L. 2002. Rarity in coral reef fish communities. In: P.F. Sale (ed.), Coral reef fishes; Dynamics and diversity in a complex ecosystem, pp. 81-101. Academic Press.
Pyle, R. 2001. Chaetodontidae. Butterflyfishes. In: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds), FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae), pp. 3224-3265. FAO, Rome.
|Citation:||Myers, R. & Pratchett, M. 2010. Chelmon rostratus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 August 2014.|
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