Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Odonata Aeshnidae

Scientific Name: Anax parthenope
Species Authority: (Selys, 1839)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Lesser Emperor
French Anax Napolitain
Aeschna parthenope Selys, 1839
Taxonomic Notes: In the east of its Asian range the subspecies A. p. julius occurs, which might prove to be a distinct species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-03-25
Assessor(s): Mitra, A.
Reviewer(s): Kakkasery, F., Babu, R., Mondal, S., Brooks, E., Dow, R.A., Clausnitzer, V. & García, N.
Contributor(s): Boudot, J.-P., Schneider, W. & Samraoui, B.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Alomari, K.
Anax parthenope is a widespread species with no major threat worldwide and it is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2010 Least Concern (LC)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Anax parthenope ranges from Europe and North Africa to the Arabian Peninsula, Siberia, India, China and Japan. Recently a young female was found near Omsk constituting by far the most northern record of the species on the Siberian plain (Kosterin 2007). These records suggest that the northwards expansion of the species is taking place over very wide range. In the West of Europe, the species reaches now Latvia, Poland, the south of Sweden, northern Germany and the East of Ireland. A vagrant adult has been kept in the the Orkney Islands north of Scotland, so it might be just a matter of time before it will be recorded in Scotland.
Countries occurrence:
Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Armenia (Armenia, Armenia); Austria; Azerbaijan; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Chad; China; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Egypt; Estonia; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); Georgia (Adzhariya, Gruziya); Germany; Greece (East Aegean Is., Greece (mainland), Kriti); Hungary; India; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Ireland; Israel; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Japan; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Kuwait; Kyrgyzstan; Latvia; Lebanon; Libya; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Malta; Moldova; Mongolia; Montenegro; Morocco; Netherlands; Oman; Pakistan; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Poland; Portugal (Madeira, Portugal (mainland)); Qatar; Romania; Russian Federation (Altay, Chita, Dagestan, East European Russia, Karachaevo-Cherkessiya, Krasnodar, Severo-Osetiya, South European Russia, Stavropol); Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Serbia (Serbia, Serbia); Slovakia; Slovenia; Somalia; Spain (Baleares, Canary Is., Spain (mainland), Spanish North African Territories); Sudan; Sweden; Switzerland; Syrian Arab Republic; Taiwan, Province of China (Taiwan, Province of China (main island)); Tunisia; Turkey (Turkey-in-Asia, Turkey-in-Europe); Turkmenistan; Ukraine (Krym, Ukraine (main part)); United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom (Great Britain, Northern Ireland); Uzbekistan; Yemen (South Yemen)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: No information is available, but this is a wide-ranging species.
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species occurs at standing and intermittently-flowing, soft and brackish waters, more rarely at permanently slow-running waters.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater
Movement patterns: Nomadic

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This wide-range Palearctic and Indomalayan species is not threatened at the global scale, although local declines may occur due to habitat destruction and water pollution.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This is a widespread species, and specific conservation measures are not needed.

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability: Suitable  major importance:No
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.2. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers/Streams/Creeks
suitability: Marginal  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.5. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.6. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
suitability: Suitable  major importance:No
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.7. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.8. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
suitability: Marginal  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.9. Wetlands (inland) - Freshwater Springs and Oases
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.12. Wetlands (inland) - Geothermal Wetlands
suitability: Suitable  major importance:No
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.14. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.16. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education

Bibliography [top]

Abdu, R.M. and Shaumar, N.F. 1985. A preliminary list of the insect fauna of Qatar. Qatar University Science Bulletin 5: 215-232.

Al-Houty, W. 1985. Some Odonata from Kuwait. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 121: 62.

Dumont, H.J. and Al-Safadi, M.M. 1993. Further additions to the Dragonfly Fauna of the Republic of Yemen (Odonata). Opuscula zoologica fluminensia. 109: 1–8.

Grunwell, M. 2010 . Dragonflies and damselflies in Qatar. Journal of the Qatar Natural History Group.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Kosterin, O.E. 2007. The first record of Anax on the West Siberian plain: A. p. parthenope Selys in Omsk (Anisoptera: Aeshnidae). Notulae Odonatoilogicae 6: 112-115.

Schneider W. 1988. Dragonflies (Odonata) of the Wahiba Sands and adjacent Areas, Eastern Oman. Journal of Oman Studies Special Report 3: 377-388.

Schneider, W. and Dumont, H.J. 1997. The dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Oman. An updated and annotated checklist. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 16: 89-110.

UEA natur forum. 2010-2012. Available at:

Van der Weide, M.J.T. and Kalkman, V.J. 2008. Some new records of dragonflies from Oman. Agrion, Newsletter of the Worldwide Dragonfly Association 12 : 52-54.

Vick, G.S. 1989. List of the dragonflies recorded from Nepal, with a summary of their altitudinal distribution (Odonata). Opuscula Zoologica Fluminensia 43: 1-21.

Waterston, A.R. 1980. Insects of Saudi Arabia. Odonata. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 2: 57–70.

Waterston, A.R. 1980. The Dragonflies (Odonata) of Dhofar. Journal of Oman studies. Special Report 2: 149-151.

Waterston, A.R. 1984. Insects of Southern Arabia. Odonata from the Yemens and Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 6: 451–472

Waterston, A.R. and Pittaway, A.R. 1991 (1989). The Odonata or Dragonflies of Oman and neighbouring territories. Journal of Oman Studies 10: 131-168.

Citation: Mitra, A. 2013. Anax parthenope. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T165488A17525854. . Downloaded on 08 October 2015.
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