|Scientific Name:||Bromus bromoideus|
|Species Authority:||(Lej.) Crep.|
Bromus arduennensis Dumort.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Extinct in the Wild ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Bilz, M. & Lutz, M.L.|
This European endemic was formerly found in Belgium, Luxembourg and France, but is now extinct in the wild. The species was growing within fields of Spelt Wheat (Triticum spelta) and was re-sown each year with the wheat seeds. As Spelt Wheat is no longer agriculturally planted, Bromus bromoideus went extinct throughout its former range. It still persists in collections of some botanic gardens.
|Range Description:||This European endemic was formerly found in Belgium, Luxembourg and France, but is now extinct in the wild. It is in cultivation in the Botanic Garden of Liège (Buord and Lesouëf 2006) and Brest. Its centre of distribution was found in southeast Belgium, just extending into France and Luxembourg (therefore its common name "Ardennes Brome") (Morgan and Leon 1992). It might also have been introduced to western Germany, the Netherlands and the UK (Morgan and Leon 1992).|
Regionally extinct:Belgium; France (France (mainland)); Luxembourg
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is extinct in the wild (Morgan and Leon 1992, Buord and Lesouëf 2006). In France, it has not bee seen in the wild since 1930.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The species was originally growing within fields of Spelt Wheat (Triticum spelta). The growth patterns and the seed size closely match harvesting time and seed size of Spelt Wheat and thus it was re-sown each year with the wheat seeds. As Spelt Wheat is no longer agriculturally planted, Bromus bromoideus went extinct throughout its former range (Morgan and Leon 1992).|
|Major Threat(s):||The use of herbicides and change of agricultural practice led to the extinction of this species (Buord and Lesouëf 2006).|
This species is listed under Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention).
It is protected at national level in France. Ex situ cultivation in the Botanic Garden of Liège (Buord and Lesouëf 2006) and Brest are underway.
Buord, S. and Lesouëf, J.Y. 2006. Consolidating knowledge on plant species in need for urgent attention at European level. Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle/European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity and Conservatoire Botanique National de Brest, Paris and Brest.
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 16 June 2011).
Morgan, V. and Leon, C. 1992. Datasheets of flora species for revision of Appendix I of the Bern Convention. Volume II. Nature and Environment. Council of Europe, Strasbourg.
Olivier, L., Galland, J.-P., Maurin, H. and Roux, J.-P. 1995. Livre Rouge de la flore menacée de France. Tome I: espèces prioritaires. Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Service Patrimoine Naturel, Conservatoire Botanique National de Porquerolles, Ministère de l'Environnement, Paris.
|Citation:||Gigot, G. 2011. Bromus bromoideus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.|
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