|Scientific Name:||Arum purpureospathum|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable D1+2 ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Turland, N.J. & Boyce, P.|
|Reviewer(s):||de Montmollin, B., Delipetrou, P., Bazos, I. & Bilz, M.|
Arum purpureospathum is endemic to southwest Crete where it is found at five locations. The total population does not exceed 1,000 individuals in a total area of less than 5 km² but the population is assumed to be stable. However, the species and its habitat are subject to threats such as tourism activities, cultivation (olive groves), urbanisation, herbicide application and collection. It is therefore assessed as Vulnerable.
|Range Description:||Arum purpureospathum is endemic to southwest Crete (The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 2010). It is found at five locations: Agia Roumeli (Samaria Gorge exit), Eligias Gorge exit, a few kilometre east of the Eligias Gorge, and two locations between the villages Agia Roumeli and Loutro.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The total population does not exceed 1,000 individuals in a total area of less than 5 km². Observations do not indicate any fluctuations in the size of the population and there is no sign of population decline.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This plant can be found in many different types of habitats such as Ceratonia siliqua woodland, olive groves, Anagyris foetida shrubland, shady places, among limestone rocks and abandoned buildings, maquis, bare rocky slopes and coastal sandy places.|
|Use and Trade:||This is a plant of horticultural value and collection of seeds or bulbs at small or large (commercial) scale is a significant threat. Bulbs of the plant are under sale by various apparently unlicensed Greek and international nurseries.|
|Major Threat(s):||All the sites are at areas likely to be disturbed because of intense tourism activities, cultivation (olive groves) or urbanisation. Herbicides are used for olive cultivation and may cause degradation of the population. This plant furthermore suffers from over-collection of seeds or bulbs.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed under Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention). It is listed in the national red list of Greece as Vulnerable D1+2.|
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 16 June 2011).
Phitos, D., Constantinidis, T. and Kamari, G. (eds). 2009. The Red Data Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Volume One (A-D). Hellenic Botanical Society, Patras.
WCSPF. 2010. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Available at: http://www.kew.org/wcsp/.
|Citation:||Turland, N.J. & Boyce, P. 2013. Arum purpureospathum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 November 2014.|
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