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Vipera anatolica 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Viperidae

Scientific Name: Vipera anatolica
Species Authority: Eiselt & Baran, 1970
Taxonomic Notes: This species was elevated to species status from Vipera ursinii anatolica by Nilson and Andrén (2001).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(v)+2ab(v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2008-12-14
Assessor(s): Varol Tok, Ishmail Ugurtas, Murat Sevinç, Wolfgang Böhme, Pierre-André Crochet, Ulrich Joger, Yakup Kaska, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Uğur Kaya, Aziz Avci, Nazan Üzüm, Can Yeniyurt, Ferdi Akarsu
Reviewer(s): Neil Cox and Helen Temple
Justification:
Listed as Critically Endangered, because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100km2, its Area of Occupancy is presumed to be less than 10km2, it is known from only a single location, and there is probably a continuing decline in the number of mature individuals due to collection and persecution of the species.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known only from one locality, Kohu Dag, 20km east of Elmali, in southwestern Anatolia, Turkey (Nilsen and Andrén, 2001). It has been recorded around 1,500-1,900 asl. It might occur more widely but surveys for this species in the region have failed to find it, suggesting that it is probably a range-restricted species.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Turkey
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1500
Upper elevation limit (metres):1900
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is an extremely rare species (Avci and Kumlutaş, pers. comm. 2008).
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is known from montane, open, Mediterranean forest. It prefers open areas so can benefit from some logging. It is a ovoviviparous species (Kumlutaş, pers. comm. 2008).
Systems:Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is a very restricted range species. There is some collection of the species for the pet-trade and possibly for scientific collections. Farmers that seasonally use the area persecute the snake as they are not sure if it is dangerous. The species' habitat is not currently threatened.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in the protected cedar forest reserve Ciglikara Ormani in the Turkish western Taurus Mountains (Göran Nilson pers. comm., October 2008). Further research is needed to confirm the range, population status of this species, and the impact of collection.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
suitability:Suitable  
4. Education & awareness -> 4.3. Awareness & communications

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.3. Persecution/control
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

1. Research -> 1.1. Taxonomy
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 International : ✓ 

♦  Research
 International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Baran, I. and Atatür, M.K. 1998. Turkish herpetofauna (amphibians and reptiles). Republic of Turkey Ministry of Environment, Ankara.

Baran, I., Tok, C.V., Olgun, K., Iret, F. and Avci, A. 2005. On viperid (Serpentes: Sauria) specimens collected from northeastern Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Zoology: 225-228.

Billing, H. 1985. Beschreibung eines weiteren Exemplars von Vipera ursinii anatolica Eiselt and Baran, 1970. Salamandra: 95-97.

Eiselt, J. and Baran, I. 1970. Ergebnisse zoologischer Sammelreisen in der Türkei: Viperidae. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums, Wien: 357-369.

IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.1). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 22 June 2009).

Joger, U. and Stümpel, N. 2005. Schlangen 3 - Vipern. Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas., AULA-Verlag GmbH, Wiebelsheim, Germany.

Nilson, G. and Andrén, C. 2001. The meadow and steppe vipers of Europe and Asia. The Vipera (Acridophaga) ursinii complex. Acta zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae: 87-267.

Sigg, H. 1987. Nachforschungen über Vipera ursinii anatolica Eiselt and Baran, 1970 im westlichen Taurus. Herpetofauna 9(47): 25-34.


Citation: Varol Tok, Ishmail Ugurtas, Murat Sevinç, Wolfgang Böhme, Pierre-André Crochet, Ulrich Joger, Yakup Kaska, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Uğur Kaya, Aziz Avci, Nazan Üzüm, Can Yeniyurt, Ferdi Akarsu. 2009. Vipera anatolica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T164768A5924622. . Downloaded on 24 July 2017.
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