|Scientific Name:||Najas marina ssp. arsenariensis|
|Species Authority:||(Maire) L. Triest|
See Najas marina
Najas arsenariensis Maire
|Taxonomic Notes:||Najas arsenariensis was originally described as a valid species. Triest (1987-1988) considered it as a subspecies, but this should be confirmed.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Rhazi, L., Grillas, P., Rhazi, M. & Flanagan, D.|
|Reviewer/s:||Vela, E., de Bélair G. & Cuttelod, A. (IUCN Centre for Mediterranean Cooperation)|
Najas marina ssp. arsenariensis is endemic to Algeria and is known from only one location. The extent of occurrence is less than 100 km² and the area of occupancy is less than 10 km². The populations are very small, isolated and fragmented. The quality of its habitat is declining due to anthopogenic pressures, in particular the presence of pollution due to the oil industry and human settlements. It is therefore considered as Critically Endangered.
|Range Description:||Najas marina ssp. arsenariensis is strictly endemic to Algeria. It is extremely rare, occurring at only one site along the Oranais coast line (Lake Melah near Arzeu). It has an extent of occurrence of less than 100 km2 and an area of occupancy of less than 10 km2.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The populations are very small, isolated and fragmented. They are in slow decline due to the increase in anthropogenic pressure.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is an annual plant (Therophyte) that inhabits lakes and salt marshes. Flowering occurs during spring and summer.|
|Major Threat(s):||Growing urbanization of the Oranais coast, water eutrophication, pollution due to the oil industry and the agricultural usage and drainage of its habitat are the main threats.|
There are no conservation measures in place, but the following actions are recommended:
- Monitor the existing sites and search for new sites
- Monitor the population dynamics
- Legal protection of the plant in Algeria (Algerian list of protected species)
- Reduce habitat loss by enforcing legal protection measures
- Education and creation of awareness
- Study its biology and ecology and estimate the population size
- Reduce agriculture and the use of fertilizers and herbicides around the sites
- Conservation in seed banks
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 29 June 2010).
Maire, R. 1952. Flore de l'Afrique du nord. Lechevalier éd., Paris.
Quézel, P. and Santa, S. 1962. Nouvelle flore de l'Algérie et des régions désertiques méridionales. CNRS, Paris.
Triest, L. 1988. A revision of the genus Najas L. (Najadaceae) in the Old World. Classe des Sciences naturelles et medicales, Academie Royale des Sciences d'Outre-mer.
|Citation:||Rhazi, L., Grillas, P., Rhazi, M. & Flanagan, D. 2010. Najas marina ssp. arsenariensis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 10 March 2014.|
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