|Scientific Name:||Eryngium atlanticum|
|Species Authority:||Batt. & Pit.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Rhazi, L., Grillas, P. & Rhazi, M.|
|Reviewer/s:||Grillas, P., Ali, M.M., de Bélair, G., Alves, P., Temple, H. (IUCN Species Programme) & Muller, S.D.|
This species has a small range but it is not severely fragmented and more than 10 locations have been identified. Wetland reclamation is the main threat and is supposed to be causing ongoing declines in this species' populations. Listed as Near threatened as it is close to meet criteria B1 if some locations are lost.
Eryngium atlanticum is a strict endemic of Morocco. It is essentially known in six localities to the west of Morocco: Benslimane, North of Salé (Mamora), Casablanca-Chaouia, Safi, Tissrarine and Souss with a extent of occurrence of 19,000 km².
The last observations on the sites of Casablanca-Chaouia and Safi have been made in 1987. Those on Benslimane and Mamora are recent (2007) and show a destruction of sites of Eryngium atlanticum close to the city of Bouznika.
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no data available on the size of the populations. The global trend is probably towards decline with a reduction of the area of occupancy resulting from the disappearance of numerous pools on the Atlantic plains.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The species is restricted to the temporary pools on sandy substratum (dayas) of the Atlantic Moroccan region. It is an annual species that blooms in spring and summer under the arid, semi-arid and sub-humid Mediterranean bioclimate.|
|Major Threat(s):||The quality of the habitat of the species is deteriorating resulting from water pollution, drainage and grazing. Habitat destruction as a result of urban and agricultural development is rather frequent close to the large cities (Casablanca, Safi).|
There are no conservation measures in place but the following ones are recommended:
- Legal protection (list of protected species in Morocco)
- Surveillance of the existing sites and to search for new sites
- To study the biology and the ecology of the species and to estimate the population size
- Monitoring of the population dynamics
- Implementation of legal protection measures (Law on the enhancement of the environment, Law on the studies of impact)
- Raising public awareness
Breton, A. 1962. Révision des Eryngium d'Afrique du Nord. Mémoires de la Sociétédes sciences naturelles et physiques du Maroc, Botanique. nouvelle série 2: 1-86.
Fennane, M. and Ibn Tattou, M. 1998. Catalogue des plantes endémiques, rares ou menacées du Maroc. Bocconea 8: 1-243.
Fennane, M., Ibn Tattou, M., Mathez, J., Ouyahya, A. and El Oualidi, J. 1999. Pteridophyta Gymnospermae, Angiospermae (Lauraceae – Neuradaceae), Flore pratique du Maroc: manuel de détermination des plantes vasculaires. Rabat Institut Scientifique, Rabat.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
Pitard, C.-J. 1913. Exploration scientifique du Maro. Masson, Paris.
|Citation:||Rhazi, L., Grillas, P. & Rhazi, M. 2010. Eryngium atlanticum. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 10 December 2013.|
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