|Scientific Name:||Lemna gibba L.|
Lemna cordata Sessé & Moc.
Lenticula gibba (L.) Moench
Lenticula gibbosa Renault
Limna cordata Sesse & Moc.
Limna parodiana Giardelli
Telmatophace gibba (L.) Schleid
Telmatophace gibbosa (Renault) Montand
There are no significant taxonomic issues associated with this name. However, there is a degree of confusion over separation of L. gibba from L. minor when the former is not expanded and this may obscure differences in the distribution of the two species.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Kumar, B. & Beentje, H.J.|
|Contributor(s):||Molur, S., Lansdown, R.V., Knees, S.G. & Patzelt, A.|
Lemna gibba is assessed as Least Concern as the species is widely distributed, common and faces no threats.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Lemna gibba is distributed throughout the world in warm and Mediterranean climatic regions and is naturalised in Japan (Cook 1996). It is however absent from polar regions and from parts of the tropics. It is also present in most of Europe, South and South West Asia, Sri Lanka, NE & South Africa and South America. |
In India this species reported as present at Gujarat, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra (Lakshminarasimhan 1996), Kerala (Nayar et al 2006) and Tamil Nadu. In the Gulf of Mannar it is occasionally found on the mainland coast (Daniel and Umamaheswari 2001). Anand Kumar (2001) reported that this species is distributed throughout India.
It appears likely that Lemna gibba occurs throughout the Arabian Peninsula, with records from Saudi Arabia (Landolt 2001, Chaudhary 2001), Yemen (Wood 1997, Landolt 1986, Al Khulaidi in prep.), ARE (Jongbloed 2003) and Oman (Ghazanfar 1992).
Native:Albania; Andorra; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chubut, Rio Negro); Australia; Austria; Belgium; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Chad; Colombia; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Ecuador; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Finland; France; Germany; Gibraltar; Greece; Hungary; India (Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Jammu-Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu); Ireland; Israel; Italy; Jordan; Kenya; Lebanon; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacán, Oaxaca, Puebla, Sonora, Tamaulipas); Morocco; Netherlands; Norway; Oman; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Peru; Poland; Portugal; Saudi Arabia; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sweden; Switzerland; Syrian Arab Republic; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States (Arizona, California, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Wyoming); Uruguay; Yemen (North Yemen)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This species has a stable population and can form large colonies in suitable habitats.
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This herb is free-floating and grows in the stagnant water (Anand Kumar 2001) of ponds, tanks (Lakshminarasimhan 1996), pools, ditches, and rice fields. The species is usually found in mesotropic to eutrophic waters (Cook 1996) and in water rich in nitrates and carbonate (Sharma et al. 2010).|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||No|
|Use and Trade:||It is used indirectly in waste water treatment and is also in production of bio ethanol. It can contain high amounts of carbohydrate, cellulose and hemicellulose compared to other aquatic plants (Sharma et al. 2010).|
No threats have been reported for this species.
|Conservation Actions:||No conservation actions are known or likely to be needed for this species.|
Anand Kumar (ed.). 2001. Lemnaceae. In: Singh, N. P., Khanna, K. K. and Dixit, R. D. (eds), Flora of Madhya Pradesh, Vol 3, Botanical Survey of India.
Cook, C.D.K. 1996. Aquatic and Wetland Plants of India. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Daniel, P. and Umamaheswari, P. 2001. The Flora of Gulf and Mannar, Southern India. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
Ghazanfar, S.A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman and their vernacular names. Scripta Botanica Belgica. National Botanic Gardens (Belgium).
Hepper F.N. 1973. Flora of tropical East Africa: Lemnaceae. Crown Agents, London.
IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 April 2017).
Jongbloed, M.V.D. 2003. The comprehensive guide to the wild flowers of the United Arab Emirates. Environmental Research and Wildlife Development Agency., Abu Dhabi.
Kumar, A. (ed.). 2001. Lemnaceae. In: N.P. Singh, K.K. Khanna and R.D. Dixit (eds), Flora of Madhya Pradesh, Botanical Survey of India.
Lakshminarasimhan, P. (ed.). 1996. Flora of Maharashtra State Monocotyledons.In: B.D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan and N.P. Singh (eds), pp. 794. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
Landolt, E. 1986. Biosystematic investigation in the family of duckweeds (Lemnaceae), 2. The family of Lemnaceae - a monographic study. Veröffentlichungen des Geobotanischen Instituts der Eidgenössischen Technischen Hochschule, Zürich.
Landolt, E. 2001. Lemnaceae. In: T. Santisuk and K. Larsen (eds), Flora of Thailand, pp. 394-399. Bangkok.
Nayar, T.S., Rasiya Beegam, A., Mohanan, N. and Rajkumar, G. 2006. Flowering Plants of Kerala: A Handbook. Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Palode, Thiruvananthapuram.
Sharma, B.D., Karthikeyan, S. and Singh, N.P. (eds). 1996. Flora of Maharashtra state, Monocotyledones. pp. 794. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
Sharma, D., Subramanian, B. and Arunachalam, A. 2010. Bioethanol production from Lemna gibba L. Current Science 98(9): 1162-1163.
Symoens J.J. 1997. Hydrocharitaceae. In: Edwards, Sebsebe & Hedberg (ed.), Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Addis Ababa.
Wood, J.R.I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew., London.
|Citation:||Kumar, B. & Beentje, H.J. 2017. Lemna gibba. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T164103A84289063.Downloaded on 22 September 2017.|
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