Crocothemis servilia 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Odonata Libellulidae

Scientific Name: Crocothemis servilia (Drury, 1773)
Common Name(s):
English Oriental Scarlet, Scarlet Skimmer
Libellula ferruginea Fabricius, 1793
Libellula servilia Drury, 1773
Libellula soror Rambur, 1842
Taxonomic Notes: This species was formerly considered as a subspecies of Crocothemis erythraea, but structural features (Lohmann 1981, Schneider 1985) support its full species rank.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2016-05-05
Assessor(s): Dow, R.A.
Reviewer(s): Abbott, J. & Clausnitzer, V.
Contributor(s): Boudot, J.-P., Samraoui, B., Schneider, W. & Paulson, D.R.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Alomari, K.
Crocothemis servilia is one of the most common and widespread odonate species in the world, occurring in artificial and highly disturbed habitats. It is under no threats and assessed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Crocothemis servilia is an extremely widespread species, occurring throughout mainland tropical and subtropical Asia, Japan, the Ryukyu Archipelago, the Greater and Lesser Sunda islands, the Philippines and Sulawesi. In the west it extends into the Levant and part of the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, Iran, Armenia and Turkey. It has been accidentally introduced into Hawaii and the Caribbean, where it now occurs in Florida, Cuba, Jamaica and Puerto Rico and very likely also Hispaniola.
Countries occurrence:
Afghanistan; Armenia; Cambodia; China; Hong Kong; India; Indonesia (Bali, Jawa, Kalimantan, Lesser Sunda Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera); Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Israel; Japan; Jordan; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Kuwait; Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak); Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Philippines; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; Sri Lanka; Syrian Arab Republic; Taiwan, Province of China; Thailand; Turkey (Turkey-in-Asia); Viet Nam
Cuba; Jamaica; Puerto Rico; United States (Florida, Hawaiian Is.)
Additional data:
Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations:Unknown
Upper elevation limit (metres):1000
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This is a very common species across much of its range, both natural and introduced, occurring commonly in man-made and disturbed habitats.
Current Population Trend:Increasing
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals:No
Extreme fluctuations:NoPopulation severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Crocothemis servilia is an opportunistic species which breeds in lakes, ponds, canals, ditches, marshes, rice paddies, and potentially almost any body of still water, as long as there is much emergent vegetation. Very tolerant and widespread in its native range in southern Asia and apparently similarly so where introduced into Hawaii, Florida, and the Greater Antilles.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater
Movement patterns:Nomadic

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species does not appear to be under any major threats across most of its range, including in Florida, the Greater Antilles, and Hawaii where it has been introduced.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation measures are needed for this extremely common, opportunistic and widespread species. Of course, there is always need for research to learn more about even the most common species.

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.2. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers/Streams/Creeks
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.4. Wetlands (inland) - Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.5. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:No
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.6. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:No
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.7. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.8. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.9. Wetlands (inland) - Freshwater Springs and Oases
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
15. Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -> 15.1. Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:No
15. Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -> 15.2. Artificial/Aquatic - Ponds (below 8ha)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
15. Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -> 15.5. Artificial/Aquatic - Excavations (open)
15. Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -> 15.7. Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
15. Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -> 15.9. Artificial/Aquatic - Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education

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Citation: Dow, R.A. 2017. Crocothemis servilia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T163607A80679957. . Downloaded on 23 May 2018.
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