|Scientific Name:||Marcetella maderensis|
|Species Authority:||(Bornm.) Svent.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered D ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Fernandes, F. & Bilz, M.|
Marcetella maderensis is endemic to Madeira with a total population of only 250 mature individuals which qualifies it as Endangered. It is furthermore affected by threats such as urbanisation and competition with native species.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to Madeira Island, Portugal.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The total population has been estimated in only reaching 250 mature individuals with a stable to slightly increasing trend (Commission of the European Communities 2009).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It grows on inland cliffs up to 700 m asl (Jardim et al. 2006) and can be found in the Habitats Directive listed habitat 5330 "Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-desert scrub" (Commission of the European Communities 2009).|
|Major Threat(s):||The main threat is urbanisation. This species also suffers from competition with native species.|
|Conservation Actions:||Marcetella maderensis is listed on Annex II of the Habitats Directive and under Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention).|
Commission of the European Communities. 2009. Composite Report on the Conservation Status of Habitat Types and Species as required under Article 17 of the Habitats Directive. Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament. Brussels.
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 16 June 2011).
Jardim, R., Fernandes, F.M. and Carvalho, J.A. 2006. Flora Vascular. In: B.F. Faria (ed.), Fauna e Flora da Madeira. Espécies Endémicas Ameaçadas: Vertebrados e Flora Vascular, Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais, Governo Regional da Madeira.
|Citation:||Carvalho, J.A. 2013. Marcetella maderensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 September 2014.|
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