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Fritillaria rhodocanakis 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Liliopsida Liliales Liliaceae

Scientific Name: Fritillaria rhodocanakis Orph. ex Baker
Taxonomic Source(s): WCSP. 2017. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Available at: http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/.
Taxonomic Notes: Fritillaria rhodocanakis hybridizes with Fritillaria spetsiotica in the southern part of Argolida up to Poros Island, and with Fritillaria graeca at the north part of Argolida and at Korinthia. As a result, throughout its distribution on mainland Peloponnisos where it forms scattered, small population patches, F. rhodocanakis has variable populations with morphological characters intermediate between the different species.

Fritillaria rhodocanakis subsp. argolica is distributed in eastern Peloponnisos and is considered a hybrid of F. r. rhodocanakis and Fritillaria graeca as well as other species distributed in the Peloponnisos. For this assessment, only Fritillaria rhodocanakis subsprhodocanakis has been considered (P. Trigas pers. comm. 2016).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2016-02-05
Assessor(s): Trigas, P. & Delipetrou, P.
Reviewer(s): Barrios, V. & Allen, D.J.
Contributor(s): Kamari, G.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Barrios, V.
Justification:

This species is endemic to Greece, occurring in a very restricted distribution on Ydra (Hydra) Island and islets between Ydra and Argolida district, however it is considered rather common in several localities, populations are stable, and at present the known threats are not having significant impacts. It is assessed as Least Concern at present, however the species does not occur in protected areas, and monitoring of harvest, habitat and population trends is required.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This species is endemic to Greece, with unhybridized populations only found on Ydra Island and on islets between Ydra and Argolida district (e.g. Dokos Island and Petrothalassa Islet, although the identity of these records requires confirmation (P. Delipetrou pers. comm. 2017). This assessment refers only to Fritillaria rhodocanakis subsp. rhodocanakis, whilst subsp. argolica is distributed in eastern Peloponnisos and is considered a hybrid of F. r. rhodocanakis and Fritillaria graeca as well as other species distributed in the Peloponnisos, is excluded.

Countries occurrence:
Native:
Greece (Greece (mainland))
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:36-40Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO):No
Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:80-100
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):No
Number of Locations:3
Upper elevation limit (metres):500
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The population of F. r. rhodocanakis has been estimated at about 300,000 individuals and is considered to be stable (P. Trigas pers. comm. 2016). The population on Dakos was very small (c.20 individuals) and restricted to a single ravine (Phitos et al. 2009) but it is not known if the island has been subject to resurvey.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Number of mature individuals:500
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is found in rocky limestone areas with phrygana or low maquis and clearings as well as in the understorey of Pinus halepensis forest, at the edge of vineyards; it is usually in open vegetation but often under shrubs. It is found at altitudes of 10–500 m asl.
Systems:Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Bulb collection is a threat since bulbs are widely cultivated and also sold on the internet.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Tourism-related development and urban development may constitute a threat to to this species in a limited area around the town of Ydra, however it can be highlighted that this island has no vehicles and no major development plans are projected. Bulb collection can be an additional pressure. The species is not affected by fire. Hybridization does not seem to be a threat to this species due to its restricted distribution on an island with no other Fritillaria species and dispersal from the neighbouring mainland seems unlikely.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on Annex IV of the Habitats Directive and under Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention). It is protected in Greece by Presidential Decree 67/81. It does not occur in protected areas. Monitoring of harvest, habitat and population trends is required.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
3. Shrubland -> 3.4. Shrubland - Temperate
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
3. Shrubland -> 3.8. Shrubland - Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
0. Root -> 6. Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks)
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:No
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
  Included in international legislation:Yes
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.1. Housing & urban areas
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Minority (<50%) ♦ severity:Negligible declines ⇒ Impact score:Low Impact: 4 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.3. Tourism & recreation areas
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Minority (<50%) ♦ severity:Negligible declines ⇒ Impact score:Low Impact: 4 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.2. Gathering terrestrial plants -> 5.2.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends
3. Monitoring -> 3.2. Harvest level trends
3. Monitoring -> 3.4. Habitat trends

Bibliography [top]

Commission of the European Communities. 2009. Composite Report on the Conservation Status of Habitat Types and Species as required under Article 17 of the Habitats Directive. Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament. Brussels.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 7 December 2017).

Phitos, D., Constantinidis, T. and Kamari, G. (eds). 2009. The Red Data Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Volume Two (E-Z). Hellenic Botanical Society, Patras.

Phitos, D., Strid, A., Snogerup, S. and Greuter, W. (eds). 1995. The Red Data Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. WWF-Greece, Athens.


Citation: Trigas, P. & Delipetrou, P. 2017. Fritillaria rhodocanakis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T162170A89338335. . Downloaded on 18 December 2017.
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