Myosotis azorica


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Myosotis azorica
Species Authority: H.C.Watson

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D1 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-11-16
Assessor(s): Caldas, F.B.
Reviewer(s): Bilz, M. & Lutz, M.L.
Myosotis azorica is endemic to the Azores where the populations are small and have a total of 500-600 individuals. It is therefore listed as Vulnerable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This plant is endemic to the Azores, where it is found at the islands of S. Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores and Corvo (Borges et al. 2005). Its area of occupancy is around 15 km² (Commission of the European Communities 2009).
Portugal (Azores)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It has been estimated that the population was between 500 and 600 individuals in 2004. There are only a few subpopulations that are fragmented and suffer from strong genetic isolation (Commission of the European Communities 2009).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Myosotis azorica is an ecotone species associated to natural humid grasslands. It occurs in big naturally disturbed areas. It can be found in the Habitats Directive listed habitat 6180 "Macaronesian mesophile grasslands" (Commission of the European Communities 2009).
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There is no information on potential use available.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threats are posed by agriculture and forestry activities, modifying structures of inland water courses, erosion, and natural catastrophes (Commission of the European Communities 2009).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Myosotis azorica is listed on Annex II of the Habitats Directive and under Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention).

Bibliography [top]

Borges, P.A.V., Cunha, R., Gabriel, R., Martins, A.F., Silva, L. and Vieira, V. (eds). 2005. A list of the terrestrial fauna (Mollusca and Arthropoda) and flora (Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta) from the Azores. pp. 318. Horta, Angra do Heroísmo and Ponta Delgada.

Commission of the European Communities. 2009. Composite Report on the Conservation Status of Habitat Types and Species as required under Article 17 of the Habitats Directive. Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament. Brussels.

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: (Accessed: 16 June 2011).

Citation: Caldas, F.B. 2013. Myosotis azorica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 02 April 2015.
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