|Scientific Name:||Atelomycterus baliensis|
|Species Authority:||White, Last & Dharmadi, 2005|
|Taxonomic Notes:||This is a recently described species (described in 2005 by White, Last & Dharmadi). It probably gets confused with Atelomycterus marmoratus which is more widespread in the region and co-occurs off the island of Bali.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B1ab(i,iii,v) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||White, W.T., Fahmi & Dharmadi|
|Reviewer/s:||Valenti, S.V., Gibson, C., Stevens, J. & Fowler, S.L. (Shark Red List Authority)|
The Bali Catshark (Atelomycterus baliensis) is a relatively small catshark, recently described from Bali. This species is known only from off Jimbaran Bay in southern Bali and apparently has a very restricted range, as it has not been recorded during extensive surveys at localities on neighboring islands (e.g., Lombok). It is caught irregularly by demersal fishers off the island of Bali and is retained. Presumably it is a reef-dwelling species and thus is likely to be adversely affected by dynamite fishing which is common in this region. The Bali Catshark's extent of occurrence is estimated at less than <20,000 km². A continuing decline in the area, extent and quality of its habitat, as well as the number of individuals, is inferred as a result of destructive fishing practices within its range, warranting an assessment of Vulnerable. If further surveys locate this species from other areas then this assessment would need to be revisited.
|Range Description:||Endemic to Bali. Known only from off Jimbaran Bay in southern Bali (White et al. 2006). Possibly has a very restricted range, with an estimated extent of occurrence potentially limited to <20,000 km², as none have been recorded during extensive surveys at localities on neighbouring islands (e.g., Lombok).|
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Indian Ocean – eastern
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Very little is known of the population of this recently described species.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Biology and habitat unknown; presumably reef-dwelling, inhabiting holes and crevices on reefs, like other related catsharks. The species attains 52 cm total length (TL) with males mature by 43 cm TL (White in review). Presumably oviparous. Diet unknown, but probably dominated by small invertebrates as with many other inshore scyliorhinid species (White et al. 2006).|
|Major Threat(s):||Caught irregularly by longline (small) and dropline fishers operating over hard substrates off of Jimbaran Bay (Bali). Probably adversely affected by dynamite fishing due to the habitats occupied by this species (White et al. 2006).|
IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.2). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 3 November 2009).
White, W.T. 2007. Aspects of the biology of carcharhiniform sharks in Indonesian waters. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 87: 1269-1276.
White, W.T., Last, P.R. and Dharmadi. 2005. Description of a new species of catshark, Atelomycterus baliensis (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from eastern Indonesia. Cybium 29(1): 33-40.
White, W.T., Last, P.R., Stevens, J.D., Yearsley, G.K., Fahmi and Dharmadi. 2006. Economically Important Sharks and Rays of Indonesia. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, Australia.
|Citation:||White, W.T., Fahmi & Dharmadi 2009. Atelomycterus baliensis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 April 2014.|
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