|Scientific Name:||Aeshna caerulea|
|Species Authority:||(Ström, 1783)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Kalkman, V. & Suhling. F. (Odonata Red List Authority)|
Though locally scarce and declining, particularly in central Europe, as a post-glacial relict and thus listed in threat categories of regional red lists, Aeshna caerulea is widespread in the Eurasia's polar region.
|Range Description:||Aeshna caerulea is a boreal species that is numerous in Eurasias polar regions, post-glacial relicts in Scotland, central European mountains (above 1,000 m) and the Caucasus.|
Native:Austria; Belarus; Estonia; Finland; Georgia; Germany; Italy; Latvia; Norway; Russian Federation; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no information known on the population size or trend of this species.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species can be found in alpine and arctic moors, heaths and tundra. It breeds in bog pools and sedge swamps, and is seldom found below 1,000 m in the Alps.|
|Major Threat(s):||This species is affected by habitat destruction; the clear-cutting of forests, changes in management regimes of non-agricultural based land and infrastructure development, especially tourism. Possible future threats include atmospheric pollution such as global warming.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are a number of conservation measures already implemented for Aeshna caerulea, including monitoring its population trends and range. However restoration and conservation of its habitat are required as it is declining in some areas of its range, particularly in central Europe.|
Askew, R.R. 2004. The dragonflies of Europe. Harley Books, Colchester.
Dijkstra, K.-D.B. and Lewington, R. 2006. Field Guide to the Dragonflies of Britain and Europe. British Wildlife Publishing, Dorset.
IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.2). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 3 November 2009).
Peters, G. 1987. Die Edellibellen Europas - Aeshnidae. Ziemsen, Wittenberg Lutherstadt.
|Citation:||Clausnitzer, V. 2009. Aeshna caerulea. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 11 December 2013.|
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