|Scientific Name:||Moreletina horripila|
|Species Authority:||(Morelet & Drouët, 1857)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Moreletina horripila was treated by Backhuys (1975) as an Actinella, a Madeiran genus, on account of its anatomy. Cunha et al. (2005) listed it in its present combination, following the work of Martins (2002).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Frias Martins, A.|
|Reviewer(s):||Neubert, E. & Cuttelod, A.|
This species is found on São Miguel, Terceira, São Jorge, Pico and Faial islands (extent of occurrence = 25000 km2), and is found in both endemic and secondary forests; it is relatively abundant on some islands and is not facing any major threats. Therefore it is considered as Least Concern (LC).
|Range Description:||This species is found on São Miguel, Terceira, São Jorge, Pico and Faial islands, Azores. Morelet (1860) states that this species is spread throughout the whole archipelago, but Backhuys (1975) restricted it to São Miguel, São Jorge, Flores and Pico (the latter fide Nobre 1924). Unpublished, preliminary research has lead to restrict its distribution as presented above, but further investigation is needed to assert the taxonomical identity of the populations outside São Miguel island; the specimens from Flores appear to be a different species and will not be included in this assessment. (A. Martins pers. comm. 2010)|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||In São Miguel, this species is abundant throughout the island in the drier environments of forested areas, from sea cliffs to high up in the mountains. On the other islands, however, it is relatively rare, with very few known sites in Terceira, Pico and Faial, although somewhat spread in São Jorge.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Moreletina horripila lives in the drier portions of endemic and, most frequently, secondary forests, where it can be found under dead leaves, fallen logs as well as under loose stones.|
|Use and Trade:||There is no use or trade information for this species.|
|Major Threat(s):||Due to its wide range of habitats, no threats are foreseen in the islands of São Miguel and São Jorge. Its localized distribution in Terceira, Pico and Faial makes it more vulnerable on these islands.|
|Conservation Actions:||No conservation measures are needed for this species.|
Backhuys, W. 1975. Land & Fresh-water Molluscs of the Azores. Backhuys & Meesters, Amsterdam.
Cunha, R., Martins, A.M.F., Lourenço, P., and Rodrigues, A. 2005. Lista dos Moluscos. In: P.A.V. Borges, R. Cunha, R. Gabriel, A.M.F. Martins, L. Silva and V. Viera (eds), A list of the terrestrial fauna (Mollusca and Arthropoda) and flora (Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta) from the Azores, pp. 157-161. Direcção Regional do Ambiente and Universidade dos Açores, Horta, Angra do Heroísmo and Ponta Delgada.
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 16 June 2011).
Martins, A.M.F. 2002. Moreletina a new genus of Hygromiidae (Pulmonata: Stylommatophora) from Santa Maria, Açores. Journal of Molluscan Studies 68: 205-215.
Morelet, A. 1860. Notice sur l'histoire naturelle des Açores suivie d'une description des mollusques terrestres de cet archipel. Baillière, Paris.
Morelet, A., and Drouët, H. 1857. Conchologiae Azoricae prodromus novarum specierum diagnoses sistens. Journal de Conchyliologie 6(2): 148-153.
Nobre, A. 1924. Contribuições para a fauna dos Açores. Anais do Instituto de Zoologia da Universidade do Porto 1: 42-90.
|Citation:||Frias Martins, A. 2013. Moreletina horripila. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 29 August 2015.|
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