|Scientific Name:||Cepaea nemoralis|
|Species Authority:||(Linnaeus, 1758)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Cuttelod, A. & Bilz, M.|
This species is relatively widespread and there is no threat known to this species. It is therefore considered to be Least Concern (LC).
|Range Description:||This species is widespread in Europe, and is locally abundant (Kerney, Cameron and Jungbluth 1983).|
Native:Andorra; Austria; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France (France (mainland)); Germany; Hungary; Ireland; Italy (Italy (mainland)); Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal (Portugal (mainland)); Russian Federation (Kaliningrad); Slovenia; Spain (Spain (mainland)); Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine; United Kingdom (Great Britain, Northern Ireland)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
The size and trend within the subpopulations are supposed to be stable. In Ireland, it is frequent throughout but most abundant in coastal localities, particularly dune (Byrne et al. 2009).
|Habitat and Ecology:||In Ireland, it is found mostly in shaded, rocky or humanly disturbed habitats such as gardens. It can be sparsely distributed on acid soils where shells are thin and fragile. It is most abundant and well developed on coastal dunes and generally prefers sheltered dry places (Byrne et al. 2009).|
|Use and Trade:||
This species is not used.
There are no major threats to this species.
|Conservation Actions:||In Ireland, this species is listed as Least Concern (Byrne et al. 2009).|
Byrne, A., Moorkens, E.A., Anderson, R., Killeen, I.J. and Regan, E.C. 2009. Ireland Red List No. 2 – Non- Marine Molluscs. National Parks and Wildlife Service. Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government,, Dublin, Ireland.
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 16 June 2011).
|Citation:||Neubert, E. 2013. Cepaea nemoralis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 August 2015.|
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