|Scientific Name:||Lymnaea stagnalis|
|Species Authority:||(Linnaeus, 1758)|
Helix stagnalis Linnaeus, 1758
Limnaea stagnalis (Subba Rao, 1989)
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Budha, P.B., Dutta, J. & Daniel, B.A.|
|Reviewer(s):||Madhyastha, A., Dey, A., García, N. & Molur, S.|
Lymnaea stagnalis has a very wide global distribution with no threats and is assessed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||A widespread species distributed in Asia (central, north and south and southeast), north America, north Africa and New Zealand. This species also has a widespread European distribution, occurring in all European Mediterranean countries (Yueying Liu et al. 1979)|
Native:Afghanistan; Australia; Belgium; Bulgaria; Canada; China; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; India (Jammu-Kashmir); Iran, Islamic Republic of; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Luxembourg; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Poland; Romania; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; United Kingdom; United States (Alabama, Alaska, Aleutian Is., Arizona, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaiian Is., Idaho, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon); Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||No information on population status or trends has been recorded. Although there are localised declines, the species population is believed to be stable.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species inhabits slow or still waters, such as the edge of pools, streams, reservoirs, amongst others. They like muddy sand or crushed stone bottom, and feed on diatoms, aquatic plants and the remaining tissue of other gastropods. The species can be transported by birds, in part accounting for its very wide distribution.|
|Use and Trade:||
This species is known to be used as food in Russia (Ponomareva and Petson 2005).
|Major Threat(s):||It is a widespread species with no major species-specific threats.|
No conservation actions are required for this species at present.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 October 2010).
Liu, Y., Zhang, W., Wang, Y. and Wang, E. 1979. Economic fauna of China - Freshwater Mollusca. Science Press, Beijing.
Ponomareva, E. V. Petson, E. V. 2005. Vasopressin Enhances Sensitization of Defensive Reflex in the Edible Snail Lymnaea stagnalis. JOURNAL OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY C/C OF ZHURNAL EVOLIUTSIONNOI BIOKHIMII I FIZIOLOGII 41(3): 368-370.
Subba Rao, N.V. 1989. Handbook: Freshwater Molluscs of India. Zoological Survey of India, Culcutta.
|Citation:||Budha, P.B., Dutta, J. & Daniel, B.A. 2010. Lymnaea stagnalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 April 2015.|
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