|Scientific Name:||Syngnathus floridae|
|Species Authority:||(Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)|
Siphostoma floridae Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Fritzsche, R., Collette, B., Nelson, J., Dooley, J., Carpenter, K., Bartnik, S., Robinson, E. & Morgan, S.K.|
|Reviewer(s):||Collen, B., Richman, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M.|
|Contributor(s):||De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Smith, J. & Livingston, F.|
Syngnathus floridae is a very widespread species with no directed fishery and locally very abundant and therefore is of Least Concern. However, degradation of its seagrass habitat is cause for concern and should be monitored.
|Range Description:||Syngnathus floridae has a widespread distribution from Bermuda and Chesapeake Bay (USA), including the northern Gulf of Mexico, the Bahamas, and the western Caribbean Sea to Panama (Dawson 1982).|
Native:Bahamas; Belize; Bermuda; Cuba; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; United States
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Atlantic – northwest; Atlantic – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Syngnathus floridae is reported to be abundant in Chesapeake Bay (Ripley and Foran 2006). This species is also reported to be a common in Florida Bay (Thayer et al. 1999). A study conducted in Florida Bay in 1984-1985 recorded 33.1 individuals of this species per hectare, this study was replicated in 1994-1995 and 18.6 indiviudals were recorded per hectare (Thayer et al. 1999). This decrease in the numbers of Syngnathus floridae in Florida Bay was linked to the habitat degradation of seagrass meadows.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Syngnathus floridae can be found inhabiting coastal seagrass beds to a depth of 22 m. Males carry the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail.|
There are no known major threats for Syngnathus floridae but seagrass meadows are under a number of threats relating to water quality such as sedimentation, coastal run-off, sewage outflows, as well as habitat disturbance from boat traffic and destructive fishing activity.
This species is not known for any commercial trade.
There are no known species-specific conservation measures in place for Syngnathus floridae, however its distribution may cover a number of marine protected areas.
Monitoring of this species habitat is needed.
Acero, A.P. 1985. Zoogeographical implications of the distribution of selected families of Caribbean coral reef fishes. In: M. Harmelin Vivien and B. Salvat (eds), Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress. Tahiti.
Böhlke, J.E. and Chaplin, C.C.G. 1993. Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. 2nd edition. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas, USA.
Breder, C.M. and Rosen, D.E. 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey, USA.
Brook, I.M. 1977. Trophic relationships in a seagrass community (Thalassia testudinum), in Card Sound, Florida. Fish diets in relation to macrobenthic and cryptic faunal abundance. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 106(3): 219-229.
Carl, H. 2003. Danish fish names. Unpublished, Zoological Museum of Copenhagen.
Claro, R. and Parenti, L.R. 2001. The marine ichthyofauna of Cuba. In: R. Claro, K.C. Lindeman and L.R. Parenti (eds), Ecology of the marine fishes of Cuba, pp. 21-57. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, USA.
Dawson, C.E. 1982. Family Syngnathidae.The pipefishes. In Fishes of the western North Atlantic. Mem. Sears Found. Mar. Res. 1(8): 1-172.
Eschmeyer, W.N. 1997. PISCES. Available at: gopher://gopher.calacademy.org:640/7.
Gulf of Mexico Program. 2004. Seagrass Habitat in the Northern Gulf of Mexico: Degradation, Conservation and Restoration of a Valuable Resource. Available at: http://gulfsci.usgs.gov/gom_ims/pdf/pubs_gom.pdf. (Accessed: 16/11/2007).
Hinegardner, R. and Rosen, D.E. 1972. Cellular DNA content and the evolution of teleostean fishes. American Naturalist 106(951): 621-644.
International Coral Reef Initiative. 2006. Member’s report on activities to ICRI. General Meeting. ICRI GM Japan/Palau (2) 2006/MR/9.0/Bermuda. Cozumel, Mexico.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 October 2010).
Kotlyar, A.N. 1984. Dictionary of names of marine fishes on the six languages. French and European publications, Moscow, Russia.
Lourie, S.A., Vincent, A.C.J. and Hall, H.J. 1999. Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation. Project Seahorse, London, U.K.
McEachran, J.D. and Fechhelm, J.D. 1998. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico, Volume 1: Myxiniformes to Gasterosteiformes. University of Texas Press, Austin, USA.
Nelson, J.S., Crossman, E.J., Espinosa-Pérez, H., Findley, L.T., Gilbert, C.R., Lea, R.N. and Williams, J.D. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
Ripley, J. I. and Foren, C. M. 2006. Population structure, growth rates, and seasonal abundnace of two Syngnathus pipefish species. Estuaries and Coasts 29(6B): 1161-1171.
Robins, C.R. and Ray, G.C. 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, USA.
Robins, C.R., Bailey, R.M., Bond, C.E., Brooker, J.R., Lachner, E.A., Lea, R.N. and Scott, W.B. 1980. A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society Special Publication Volume 12. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, USA.
Robins, C.R., Bailey, R.M., Bond, C.E., Brooker, J.R., Lachner, E.A., Lea, R.N. and Scott, W.B. 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society Special Publication Volume 20. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
Smith, C.L. 1997. National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. A.A. Knopf, New York, USA.
Teixeira, R.L. and Musick, J.A. 1995. Trophic ecology of two congeneric pipefishes (Syngnathidae) of the lower York River, Virginia. Environmental Biology of Fishes 43(3): 295-309.
Thayer, G. W., Powell, A. B. and Hoss, D. E. 1999. Composition of larval, juvenile, and small adult fishes relative to changes in environmental conditions in Florida Bay. Estuaries 22(2B): 518-533.
Vari, R.P. 1982. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic, part 8. Order Gasterosteiformes, suborder Syngnathoidea. Syngnathidae (Doryrhamphinae, Syngnathinae, Hippocampinae). Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.
Varjo, M., Koli, L. and Dahlström, H. 2004. Kalannimiluettelo. Suomen Biologian Seura Vanamo Ry.
Wu, H.L., Shao, K.T. and Lai, C.F. 1999. Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan.
|Citation:||Fritzsche, R., Collette, B., Nelson, J., Dooley, J., Carpenter, K., Bartnik, S., Robinson, E. & Morgan, S.K. 2010. Syngnathus floridae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 November 2014.|