|Scientific Name:||Ophiogomphus incurvatus|
|Species Authority:||Carle, 1982|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Garrison (1995) considered O. alleghaniensis a possible synonym of O. incurvatus.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Donnelly, N., Suhling, F. & Clausnitzer, V. (Odonata Red List Authority)|
Ophiogomphus incurvatus occurs in the piedmont/foothills on either side of the Appalachians from Alabama to Maryland. It is known from 20 streams in five states and the larvae susceptible to pollution. The species is declining because of the unusual susceptibility of the larvae to flood scouring and pollution. Nearly meets criteria for B1ab(iii).
|Range Description:||Endemic to the United States. Occurs in the piedmont/foothills on either side of the Appalachians from Alabama to Maryland (NatureServe 2006).|
Native:United States (Alabama, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Current population size is unknown.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Clear streams at low elevations in the open, with sandy or gravely riffles (Dunkle 2000).|
|Major Threat(s):||Larvae are susceptible to alterations in stream flow due to clear cutting/deforestation, agriculture, and development that produce flood scouring, siltation and pesticide use (NatureServe 2006). Chemical control of gypsy moths might be a problem (NatureServe 2006).|
|Conservation Actions:||Populations of O. I. Incurvatus are found in the Pisgah National Forest of North Carolina, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center of Maryland, and a Clemson University research area and the Savanna River Plant in South Carolina.|
Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland.
Carle, F.L. 1982. Ophiogomphus incurvatus: A new name for Ophiogomphus carolinus Hagen (Odonata: gomphidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 75(3): 335-339. May 1982.
Dunkle, S. 2000. Dragonflies through binoculars. Oxford Univ. Press, N.Y.
Garrison, R.W. 1995. The taxonomic status of twenty-five (25) taxa of Odonata of the Continental United States. Submitted to the National Biological Survey: 1-38.
Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN. 1990. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN. 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12th September 2007).
IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1986. 1986 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1988. 1988 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
|Citation:||Abbott, J.C. 2007. Ophiogomphus incurvatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.|
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