|Scientific Name:||Echinopsis peruviana (Britton & Rose) H.Friedrich & G.D.Rowley|
Trichocereus peruvianus Britton & Rose
|Taxonomic Notes:||Hunt et al. (2006) consider E. torataensis and E. tacnaensis to be synonyms of E. peruviana. However, these species are morphologically very different, hence the taxonomy should be revised and E. peruviana, E. torataensis and E. tacnaensis assessed separately.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Ostalaza, C., Cáceres, F. & Roque, J.|
|Reviewer(s):||Superina, M. & Goettsch, B.K.|
Echinopsis peruviana has a relatively wide range and the population seems to be stable. However, it is not abundant where it occurs, is used due to its hallucinogenic action, and does not occur in any protected area. The major problem in this assessment is the taxonomic confusion. For now, E. peruviana is classified as Least Concern, but this assessment needs to be updated as soon as the taxonomy is resolved, as the species currently considered to be synonyms may well be classified in a threatened category if assessed individually.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
E. peruviana is endemic to Peru, where it grows in the Lima region at altitudes of 3,000 to 3,500 m asl.
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The species occurs in several valleys around Lima. It is not abundant.|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This cactus can be found in inter-Andean valleys.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||No|
|Use and Trade:||This cactus contains hallucinogenic mescaline-derived alkaloids and is used for magical-religious purposes.|
|Major Threat(s):||This cactus is collected due to its hallucinogenic action.|
|Conservation Actions:||There is no protected area within the range of E. peruviana.|
|Amended reason:||The species distribution map has been included.|
Arakaki, M., Ostolaza, C., Cáceres, F. and Roque, J. 2006. Cactaceae endémicas del Perú. Revista Peruana de Biología 13(2): 193s-291s.
Hunt, D., Taylor, N. and Charles, G. (compilers and editors). 2006. The New Cactus Lexicon. dh Books, Milborne Port, UK.
IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2013).
IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 7 December 2017).
|Citation:||Ostalaza, C., Cáceres, F. & Roque, J. 2017. Echinopsis peruviana (amended version of 2013 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T152559A121478605.Downloaded on 23 April 2018.|
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