Ochotona forresti 

Scope: Global

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Lagomorpha Ochotonidae

Scientific Name: Ochotona forresti
Species Authority: Thomas, 1923
Common Name(s):
English Forrest's Pika
Ochotona gaoligongensis Wang, Gong & Duan, 1988
Ochotona nigritia Gong, Wang, Li & Li, 2000
Taxonomic Source(s): Ge, D.Y., Lissovsky, A.A., Xia, L., Cheng, C., Smith, A. and Yang, Q. 2012. Reevaluation of several taxa of Chinese lagomorphs (Mammalia: Lagomorpha) described on the basis of pelage phenotype variation. Mammalian Biology 77: 13–123.
Taxonomic Notes: There are no recognized subspecies of Ochotona forresti (Hoffmann and Smith 2005). This form was previously included in O. pusilla, O. roylei, and O. thibetana (Hoffmann and Smith 2005). This species is thought to be sister taxa to O. erythrotis (Yu et al. 2000). O. forresti is morphologically similar to O. gaoligongensis (Yu et al. 1992) and may also be related to O. nigritia (Hoffmann and Smith 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Smith, A.T. & Johnston, C.H.
Reviewer(s): Boyer, A.F. & Johnston, C.H. (Lagomorph Red List Authority)
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, occurrence in protected areas, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Ochotona forresti ranges from northwest Yunnan, southeast Tibet (China) to northern Myanmar, to Assam, and Sikkim (India) and Bhutan (Hoffmann and Smith 2005). The mapped range in Myanmar is totally speculative (Duckworth and Thaw pers. comm.). The distribution information in South Asia is not understood as there is taxonomic confusion (S. Molur pers. comm.) O. forresti occupies elevations of 2,600-4,400 m (Feng et al. 1986).
Countries occurrence:
Bhutan; China (Tibet [or Xizang], Yunnan); India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim); Myanmar
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):2600
Upper elevation limit (metres):4400
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The current population status of Ochotona forresti is unknown.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Little or nothing is known regarding the behavior, ecology, and reproduction of Ochotona forresti (Smith et al. 1990). O. forresti inhabits mountain slopes facing toward the sun at elevations of 2,600 to 4,400 m in the forest belt (Feng et al. 1986). These high altitude habitats are typically coniferous or mixed broadleaf and conifer forests and shrubland (Smith and Xie 2008). It is speculated that this species of pika creates burrows (Smith and Xie 2008). The total length of this species is 15.5-18.5 cm (Smith and Xie 2008).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The threats to this species are not known.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in Nujiang and Gaoligongshan (Yunnan) Nature Reserves in China (CSIS 2008). Due to the general lack of data regarding the population status, behavior, ecology, and reproduction research in these areas should be undertaken. This species has been regionally assessed in China as Near Threatened, nearly meeting the criteria for Vulnerable under criteria A2c+3c (Wang and Xie 2004).

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
3. Shrubland -> 3.4. Shrubland - Temperate

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.1. Taxonomy
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology

Bibliography [top]

China Species Information Service. 2008. Ochotona forresti. Available at:; (Accessed: May 28).

Feng, Z.J., Cai, G.Q. and Zheng, C.L. 1986. The Mammals of Xizang. The Comprehensive Scientific Expedition to the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. Science Press, Academia Sinica, Beijing, China.

Hoffmann, R.S. and Smith, A.T. 2005. Order Lagomorpha. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 185-211. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Smith, A. T. and Xie, Y. 2008. A Guide to the Mammals of China. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Smith, A. T., Formozov, N. A., Hoffmann, R. S., Changlin, Z. and Erbajeva, M. A. 1990. The Pikas. In: J. A. Chapman and J. C. Flux (eds), Rabbits, Hares and Pikas: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, pp. 14-60. The World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland.

Wang, S. and Xie, Y. 2004. China Species Red List. Vol. 1 Red List. Higher Education Press, Beijing, China.

Yu, N., Zheng, C. L. and Feng, Z. J. 1992. The phylogenetic analysis of subgenus Ochotona of China. Acta Theriologica Sinica 12(4): 255-266.

Yu, N., Zheng, C., Zhang, Y. and Li, W. 2000. Molecular systematics of pikas (Genus Ochotona) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 16: 85-95.

Citation: Smith, A.T. & Johnston, C.H. 2008. Ochotona forresti. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T15048A4489951. . Downloaded on 05 December 2016.
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