|Scientific Name:||Notoryctes typhlops (Stirling, 1889)|
Psammoryctes typhlops Stirling, 1889
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Burbidge, A.A. & Woinarski, J.|
|Contributor(s):||Benshemesh, J., Copley, P., Johnson, K., McGilvray, A. & Ward, S.|
Evaluated as Least Concern because the Itjaritjari is widespread and there is no evidence of a continuing decline.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Itjaritjari (Southern Marsupial Mole) occur in the Great Victoria Deserts of Western Australia and South Australia and the western half of the Simpson Desert in southern Northern Territory and Queensland. Their distribution follows that of the sand dune habitat that they prefer. The Itjaritjari may be sympatric with Kakarratul (Notoryctes caurinus) in northern parts of the former’s range.|
Native:Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
There is no robust estimate of population size, nor any data that suggest decline. However, evidence can be found in most areas of suitable habitat (stable dunes) within the species’ distribution. Indices of levels of activity have been developed, but these are not yet correlated with abundance.
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:|
Itjaritjari inhabit sand dunes and adjacent swales where there is suitable deep, loose sand. They spend almost their entire lives underground, only very occasionally coming to the surface, and only remaining on the surface for a short time. Most specimens and sightings come from animals found on the surface. However, it appears they rarely come to the surface, which makes them less prone to predation by Red Foxes, Cats and other predators.
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||No|
|Generation Length (years):||10-15|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Major Threat(s):||While several possible threats have been identified (predation by introduced species, inappropriate fire regimes), recent data suggests Itjaritjari remain widespread and relatively abundant.|
Benshemesh, J. 2004. Recovery Plan for the Marsupial Moles Notoryctes typhlops and N. caurinus 2005-2010. Northern Territory Department of Infrastructure, Planning, and Environment, Alice Springs.
Benshemesh, J., and Johnson, K.A. 2003. Biology and conservation of marsupial moles (Notoryctes). In: M. Jones, C. Dickman and M. Archer (eds), Predators with Pouches. The Biology of Carnivorous Marsupials’, pp. 464-474. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.
Benshemesh, J., Paltridge, R., and Schulz, M. 2010. Marsupial mole remains in predator scats. Report to Department of Natural Resources, Environment and the Arts, Northern Territory Government, Alice Springs.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 30 June 2016).
Johnson, K.A. and Walton, D.W. 1989. Notoryctidae. In: D.W. Walton and B.J. Richardson (eds), Fauna of Australia, pp. 591-602. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, Australia.
Paltridge, R. 1998. Occurrence of marsupial mole (Notoryctes typhlops) remains in the faecal pellets of cats, foxes and dingoes in the Tanami Desert, N.T. Australian Mammalogy 20: 427-429.
Pavey, C.R., Burwell, C.J. and Benshemesh, J. 2012. Diet and prey selection of the southern marsupial mole: an enigma from Australia's sand deserts. . Journal of Zoology 287: 115-23.
Whitford, W.G., and Kay, F. R. 1999. Biopedturbation by mammals in deserts: a review. Journal of Arid Environments 41: 203–230.
Withers, P.C., Thompson, G.G. and Seymour, R.S. 2000. Metabolic physiology of the north-western marsupial mole, Notoryctes caurinus (Marsupialia: Notoryctidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 48: 241-258.
|Citation:||Burbidge, A.A. & Woinarski, J. 2016. Notoryctes typhlops. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T14879A21965004.Downloaded on 11 December 2017.|
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