|Scientific Name:||Mus spicilegus Petényi, 1882|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Coroiu, I., Kryštufek, B. & Vohralík, V.|
M. spicilegus is widespread in its range and can be common in suitable habitat. It is declining in some parts of its range owing to habitat loss, but not at a rate that meets the threatened criteria. Currently assessed as Least Concern, but population declines should be monitored.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Mus spicilegus is endemic to Europe, occuring from Lake Neusiedl on the Austro-Hungarian border through Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro), Bulgaria, Moldova, and Ukraine, reaching as far as Rostov in the exteme south-west of Russia. An isolated population occurs in Montenegro, Greece and Albania. This population has a fragmented range within a very narrow strip of habitat, and there are only three known localities (B. Kryštufek pers. comm. 2006). It typically occurs from sea level to 200 m (Macholán 1999).|
Native:Albania; Austria; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Greece; Hungary; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Moldova; Montenegro; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Ukraine
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It remains common in suitable habitats, but is suspected to be undergoing population decline in some areas. Densities of 1-20 mounds per hectare are typical, but densities of up to 60-100 mounds per hectare may be reached in particularly favourable habitat. On average, each mound is inhabited by five to six individuals (Macholán 1999). In Slovakia the range appears to be expanding.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It occurs in a variety of open habitats including natural steppe grasslands, pastures and cereal fields, orchards, open woodland, woodland edges and clearings. It avoids forests and human settlements. It feeds on grain and seeds, which it hoards in the winter in a soil-covered mound built above its nest chamber; a single mound may be up to 400 cm in diameter (although 100-200 cm is more typical) and contain up to 10 kg of grain (Macdonald and Barrett 1993, Sokolov et al. 1998). Groups of 4-14 mice cooperate to build these mounds (Sokolov et al. 1998).|
|Generation Length (years):||1-2|
|Major Threat(s):||It is feared that loss of steppe grassland and agricultural intensification may cause population declines (Macholán 1999). However, in Romania at least, this species is considered an agricultural pest (Popescu and Murariu 2001).|
|Conservation Actions:||It occurs in some protected area within its range. The population may be declining and this should be monitored.|
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 07 December 2016).
Macdonald, D.W. and Barrett, P. 1993. Mammals of Britain and Europe. Collins, London..
Macholán, M. 1999. Mus spicilegus. In: A.J. Mitchell-Jones, G. Amori, W. Bogdanowicz, B. Kryštufek, P.J.H. Reijnders, F. Spitzenberger, M. Stubbe, J.B.M. Thissen, V. Vohralík, and J. Zima (eds), The Atlas of European Mammals. Academic Press, London.
Pacifici, M., Santini, L., Di Marco, M., Baisero, D., Francucci, L., Grottolo Marasini, G., Visconti, P. and Rondinini, C. 2013. Generation length for mammals. Nature Conservation 5: 87–94.
Popescu, A. and Murariu, D. 2001. Fauna Romaniei: Mammalia. Vol XVI. Part 2. Rodentia. Academia Romana..
Sokolov, V.E., Kotenkova, E.V. and Michailenko, A.G. 1998. Mus spicilegus. Mammalian Species 592: 1-6.
|Citation:||Coroiu, I., Kryštufek, B. & Vohralík, V. 2016. Mus spicilegus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T13984A544549.Downloaded on 18 October 2017.|
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