Mops midas 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Chiroptera Molossidae

Scientific Name: Mops midas (Sundevall, 1843)
Common Name(s):
English Midas Mops Bat, Midas Bat, Midas Free-tailed Bat, Midas Groove-cheeked Bat, Sundevall's Free-tailed Bat
French Molosse de Midas, Molosse Midas, Tadarida de Midas, Tadaride Midas
Dysopes midas Sundevall, 1843
Mops midas ssp. miarensi (A. Grandidier, 1869)
Mops unicolor (A. Grandidier, 1870)
Tadarida midas (Sundevall, 1843)
Taxonomic Source(s): ACR. 2014. African Chiroptera Report 2014. African Bats, Pretoria. Available from
Taxonomic Notes: Although miarensi has previously been considered a subspecies endemic to the island of Madagascar (Simmons 2005), Ratrimomanarivo et al. (2007) found no distinctive or taxonomically definitive differences between populations of Mops midas occurring on the African continent and Madagascar.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2016-08-31
Assessor(s): Monadjem, A., Cotterill, F., Ratrimomanarivo, F.H., Jenkins, R.K.B., Mickleburgh, S., Fahr, J., Bergmans, W., Ranivo, J., Racey, P.A. & Hutson, A.M.
Reviewer(s): Piraccini, R.
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its widespread but patchy distribution. The species is locally hunted and persecuted but it is not thought to be declining fast enough to place it in a higher category of threat.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This widespread lowland, savanna species ranges from West Africa eastwards to East Africa and southwards into southern Africa. It has been recorded from the Arabian Peninsula (found in hollow trees). It is present on Madagascar, where it is generally distributed in the drier western and southern habitats of the island below 150 m Asl (Ratrimomanarivo et al. 2007).
Countries occurrence:
Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Gambia; Ghana; Kenya; Madagascar; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia; Niger; Nigeria; Rwanda; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; South Africa; South Sudan; Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):150
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is generally considered to be rare. In southern Africa it is gregarious, and occurs in colonies numbering hundreds (Skinner and Smithers 1990). Roosts of this species in West and Central Africa are unknown. In Madagascar, no large colonies have been found and it is thought to be a locally common species with a patchy distribution. The maximum recorded colony was near Amboasary of 600 individuals.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This is an open aerial species of woodland and lowland savanna, with most records from the southern part of its range associated with major rivers and extensive swamps (Smithers 1983; Dunlop 1999). In Madagascar it is found in dry woodland and savanna habitats (Ratrimomanarivo et al. 2007). The species prefers roosting in total darkness as evidenced by a roost in Maun, Botswana that was located in an attic (Smithers 1983). It has also been observed roosting in long, narrow cracks in trees and in the joints of a concrete bridge (Smithers 1983; Dunlop 1999). In Madagascar, captures of this species have been from roosts in buildings (within crevices between cement walls or bricks), within the leaves of coconut palms, in large tree hollows and shallow rock crevices, and it does not appear to be associated with deep cave day-roosts (Goodman and Cardiff 2004; Andriafidison et al. 2006; Rakotonandrasana and Goodman 2007; Ratrimomanarivo et al. 2007).
Generation Length (years):3.9

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is thought to be locally threatened by general persecution, collection for food and habitat loss.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There is a need to protect large trees and other known roosting sites for this species (this does not apply to populations on Madagascar). In Madagascar, it is known from Beza Mahafaly and Zombitse-Vohibasia National Parks.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.5. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
2. Savanna -> 2.1. Savanna - Dry
2. Savanna -> 2.2. Savanna - Moist
8. Desert -> 8.1. Desert - Hot
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.5. Artificial/Terrestrial - Urban Areas
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
4. Education & awareness -> 4.3. Awareness & communications

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.3. Persecution/control
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

6. Human intrusions & disturbance -> 6.3. Work & other activities
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.2. Species disturbance

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology

Bibliography [top]

Andriafidison, D., Andrianaivoarivelo, R. A. and Jenkins, R. K. B. 2006. Records of tree roosting bats from western Madagascar. African Bat Conservation News 8: 5-6.

Dunlop, J. 1999. Mops midas. Mammalian Species 615: 1-4.

Freeman, P.W. 1981. A Multivariate Study of the Family Molossidae (Mammalia, Chiroptera): Morphology, Ecology, Evolution. Fieldiana: Zoology 7: 1-173.

Goodman, S.M. and Cardiff, S.G. 2004. A new species of Chaerophon (Molossidae) from Madagascar with notes on other members of the family. Acta Chiropterologica 6: 227-248.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-2. Available at: (Accessed: 14 September 2017).

Pacifici, M., Santini, L., Di Marco, M., Baisero, D., Francucci, L., Grottolo Marasini, G., Visconti, P. and Rondinini, C. 2013. Generation length for mammals. Nature Conservation 5: 87–94.

Rakotonandrasana, E. N. and Goodman, S. M. 2007. Bat inventories of the Madagascar offshore islands of Nosy Be, Nosy Komba and Ile Sainte Marie. African Bat Conservation News 12: 6-10.

Rathbun, G.B. (subeditor). 2005. Macroscelidea. In: J.D. Skinner and C.T. Chimimba (eds), The Mammals of the Southern African Subregion, 3rd edition, pp. 22-34. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Ratrimomanarivo, F. H., Vivian, J., Goodman, S. M. and Lamb, J. 2007. Morphological and molecular assessment of the specific status of Mops midas (Chiroptera: Molossidae) from Madagascar and Africa. African Zoology 42: 237-253.

Simmons, N.B. 2005. Order Chiroptera. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 312-529. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Skinner, J.D. and Chimimba, C.T. (eds). 2005. The Mammals of the Southern African Subregion. Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom, Cambridge.

Smithers, R. H. N. 1983. The Mammals of the Southern African Subregion. University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Citation: Monadjem, A., Cotterill, F., Ratrimomanarivo, F.H., Jenkins, R.K.B., Mickleburgh, S., Fahr, J., Bergmans, W., Ranivo, J., Racey, P.A. & Hutson, A.M. 2017. Mops midas. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T13841A22079278. . Downloaded on 24 June 2018.
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