|Scientific Name:||Natalus jamaicensis|
|Species Authority:||Goodwin, 1959|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Formerly included in N. stramineus, but clearly distinct from that species.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Velazco, P. & Turvey, S.|
|Reviewer/s:||Medellín, R. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
Listed as Critically Endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 100 km², all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
|Range Description:||This species is known from Jamaica (Simmons 2005).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This bat is uncommon to frequent (Genoways et al. 2005).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Apparently, this species requires large caves with high humidity to roost ( Genoways et al. 2005). This species is known from a single cave (Tejedor et al. 2005). This species is moderately to highly gregarious with cave colonies estimated at fewer than 100 individuals (Tejedor et al. 2005). It occurs in the same cave with Natalus micropus (Hoyt and Bake 1980), and other species. It occurs in a very dry and arid area with xerophytic vegetation. Its biology is poorly known (Genoways et al. 2005). It is insectivorous (Nowak 1999). It probably forages in rather cluttered vegetation and over relatively small home ranges (Tejedor et al. 2004).|
|Major Threat(s):||Habitat loss. Not found in protected areas.|
|Conservation Actions:||Protected areas are needed for this species (particularly St Clair cave).|
Genoways, H. H., Baker, R. J., Bickham, J. W. and Phillips, C. J. 2005. Bats of Jamaica. Special Publications of the Museum of Texas Tech University 48: 1-155.
Nowak, R. M. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA and London, UK.
Simmons, N. B. 2005. Order Chiroptera. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 312-529. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Tejedor, A., Silva-Taboada, G. and Rodríguez-Hernández, D. 2004. Discovery of extant Natalus major (Chiroptera: Natalidae) in Cuba. Mammalian Biology 69: 153-162.
Tejedor, A., Tavares, V. C. and Silva-Taboada, G. 2005. A Revision of Extant Greater Antillean Bats of the Genus Natalus. American Museum Novitates 3493: 1-22.
|Citation:||Velazco, P. & Turvey, S. 2008. Natalus jamaicensis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 May 2013.|
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