|Scientific Name:||Nectomys apicalis|
|Species Authority:||Peters, 1861|
|Taxonomic Notes:||It is considered a species complex (Musser and Carleton 2005)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Gómez-Laverde, M., Rivas, B. & Weksler, M.|
|Reviewer/s:||Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, it occurs in a number of protected areas, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
|Range Description:||This species occurs in westernmost Brazil (Acre and Amazonas States), and contiguous lowlands and Andean foothills of central and east Ecuador, east Peru, and west central Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997; Patton et al., 2000); distributional limits uncertain (Musser and Carleton, 2005). In Ecuador it has an altitudinal range of 200 to 1,250 m (Tirira, in prep.).|
Native:Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Ecuador; Peru
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This rat is widespread and sometimes common.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a riparian species occurring in tropical lowland forest (M. Gómez-Laverde pers. comm.). This species is nocturnal, solitary, terrestrial and semiaquatic. It feeds on arthropods, crabs, and other invertebrates, it also eats fruit and fungi. This water rat is adapted for swimming and is almost always found near water. It makes nests under logs or roots or in dense vegetation. It occurs in areas of dense tall grass near water (Emmons and Feer, 1997).|
|Major Threat(s):||There does not appear to be any major threats to this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||It occurs in a sevaral protected areas.|
Anderson, S. 1997. Mammals of Bolivia: Taxonomy and distribution. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 231: 1–652.
Emmons, L. H. and Feer, F. 1997. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide, Second edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, USA.
Musser, G. G. and Carleton, M. D. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. In: D. E. Wilson and D. A. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: a geographic and taxonomic reference, pp. 894-1531. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.
Patton, J. L., da Silva, M. A. and Malcolm, J. R. 2000. Mammals of the Rio Jurua and the Evolutionary and Ecological Diversification of Amazonia. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 244: 1-306.
|Citation:||Gómez-Laverde, M., Rivas, B. & Weksler, M. 2008. Nectomys apicalis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 11 March 2014.|
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