Noronhomys vespuccii


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Noronhomys vespuccii
Species Authority: Carleton & Olson, 1999

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Weksler, M. & Costa, L.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
This species is known only from fossil information; however, historical archives indicate that the species persisted until after the year 1500 AD. The species was likely extirpated soon thereafter (see Carleton and Olson, 1999).

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from late Quaternary fossils, with the type locality given as: Brazil, Territorio de Fernando de Noronha, Ilha Fernando de Noronha, beach dunes (late Quaternary) near Ponta de Santo Antonio (Carleton and Olson, 1999). There is historical archival information from Amerigo Vespucci's 1503 voyage to the New World that this species existed on Fernando de Noronha at that time. The species was likely extirpated soon thereafter (Carleton and Olson, 1999).
Regionally extinct:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Extinct.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Unknown. Maybe beach dunes and associated habitats.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Extinct.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Extinct.

Bibliography [top]

Carleton, M.D. and Olson, S.L. 1999. Amerigo Vespucci and the Rat of Fernando de Noronha: A new genus and species of Rodentia (Muridae: Sigmodontinae) from a volcanic island off Brazil's continental shelf. American Museum Novitates 3256: 59.

Musser, G. G. and Carleton, M. D. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. In: D. E. Wilson and D. A. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: a geographic and taxonomic reference, pp. 894-1531. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Citation: Weksler, M. & Costa, L. 2008. Noronhomys vespuccii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 29 March 2015.
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