Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Mantellidae

Scientific Name: Gephyromantis azzurrae
Species Authority: Mercurio & Andreone, 2007
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2009-05-29
Assessor(s): Andreone, F., Vences, M. & Cox, N.
Reviewer(s): Hoffmann, M. & Angulo, A.
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 5,000 km², the area of occupancy is believed to be less than 500 km², all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2008 Endangered (EN)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is currently known from only three localities (Andriamanero, Iamabahatsy and Sakamalio) in the northern part of the Isalo Massif, between 640 and 689 m asl (Mercurio and Andreone 2007). It might occur a little more widely in the Isalo Massif. It is inferred that the potential distribution includes forest habitats along streams of the Isalo area, within and outside the protected areas boundaries (Andreone et al. 2008, Mercurio et al. 2008).
Countries occurrence:
Number of Locations: 3
Lower elevation limit (metres): 640
Upper elevation limit (metres): 689
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is little information, although individuals were found in suitable gallery forest habitat calling 10-20 m from each other (Mercurio and Andreone 2007). It is presumed that the population is declining with the associated continuing habitat loss.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species has been found in large canyons with running water in the river bed between stones, as well as in the gallery forest. Calling males were observed at night on leaves in the forest at about 50–150 cm above the ground (Mercurio and Andreone 2007). Its breeding is not known, but is presumably by larval development in streams.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

There is no information currently available on any possible uses of this species.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): On of the known localities, Andriamanero is outside the boundaries of the Parc National de l’Isalo. Threats affecting this area include the extensive prairie burning leading to the loss of gallery forest, and habitat alteration due to the excavation of mines for sapphires, an activity that has a great potential for long-term persistence and is thus seriously threatening the Isalo biodiversity (Duffy 2006).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Two of the know localities, Iamabahatsy and Sakamalio, are within the Parc National de l’Isalo. Outside this protected area conservation measures are needed to protected the species' habitat from the effects of fires and mining.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.5. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
3. Energy production & mining -> 3.2. Mining & quarrying
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

7. Natural system modifications -> 7.1. Fire & fire suppression -> 7.1.3. Trend Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

Andreone, F., Cox, N., Glaw, F., Rabibisoa, N.A.C., Randriamahazo, H., Randrianasolo, H., Raxworthy, C.J., Stuart, S., Vallan, D. and Vences, M. 2008. Update of the Global Amphibian Assessment for Malagasy amphibians in light of new species discoveries, taxonomic changes, and new field information. In: Andreone, F. (ed.), A Conservation Strategy for the Amphibians of Madagascar., Monografie del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali di Torino, 419-436.

Duffy, R. 2006. Global environmental governance and the challenge of shadow states: the impact of illicit sapphire mining in Madagascar. Development and Change 36: 825–843.

Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 2007. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Cologne.

IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.2). Available at: (Accessed: 3 November 2009).

Mercurio, V. and Andreone, F. 2007. Two new canyon-dwelling frogs from the arid sandstone Isalo Massif, central-southern Madagascar (Mantellidae, Mantellinae). Zootaxa 1574: 31–47.

Mercurio V., Aprea G., Crottini A., Mattioli F., Randrianirina J. E., Razafindrabe T. J., Andreone F. 2008. The amphibians of Isalo Massif, southern-central Madagascar: high frog diversity in an apparently hostile dry habitat. In: Andreone, F. (ed.), A Conservation Strategy for the Amphibians of Madagascar., pp. 143-196. Monografie del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali di Torino, XLI.

Citation: Andreone, F., Vences, M. & Cox, N. 2009. Gephyromantis azzurrae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T136160A4252709. . Downloaded on 07 October 2015.
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