|Scientific Name:||Madoqua saltiana|
|Species Authority:||(de Blainville, 1816)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||At least five subspecies have been proposed, based on phenotypic variation: M. s. saltiana, M. s. hararensis, M. s. lawrancei, M. s. phillipsi, and M. s. swaynei (Yalden in press). The latter has been regarded as a full species by some authors. Clarification through molecular genetic analysis of these relationships, and of the whole Madoqua species complex, is highly desirable.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Heckel, J.-O., Wilhelmi, F., Kaariye, X.Y., Rayaleh, H.A. & Amir, O.G.|
|Reviewer(s):||Mallon, D.P. & Chardonnet, P. (Antelope Red List Authority)|
Population size and range surpass the thresholds required for listing in a threatened category. Although some local declines in numbers and range can be inferred from the effects of hunting and habitat degradation, populations appear to be stable in several other parts of the range. There is no evidence to suggest that an overall decline is close to a threshold that would qualify for threatened status under criterion A.
|Range Description:||Endemic to north-east Africa (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia) with marginal occurrence in north-east Sudan and possibly the border region of north-east Kenya (East 1999; Yalden in press).|
Native:Djibouti; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Kenya; Somalia; Sudan
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||East (1999) estimated the total population at 485,600 individuals, based on an average density of two individuals per km² over an area of occupancy of 242,800 km² and suggested that the order of magnitude could be in the hundreds of thousands, and that the population was generally stable. Several authors have reported much higher local densities. Laurent and Laurent (2002) said that Salt’s dikdik is still widespread in Djibouti, but has declined over the last 20 years. Wilhelmi et al. (2006) found this species quite common in surveyed areas of the Ogaden (Ethiopia).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Found in various types of semi-desert scrub. Occurs from sea level to 1,500 m and perhaps up to 2,000 m (Yalden et al. 1984, Künzel et al. 2000).|
|Major Threat(s):||Subsistence hunting is a factor across the range. Hunting pressure is no doubt heavier in areas of civil and military conflict. In Somalia, hunting of all dikdik species is more intensive, with meat, skins and live animals exported to the Gulf states (Amir 2006). Habitat degradation resulting from overgrazing by domestic livestock affects areas across north-east Africa, but is not reported to be a significant adverse factor for this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||The species occurs in a few protected areas (e.g., Awash and Yangudi Rassa National Parks in Ethiopia).|
Amir, G. A. 2006. Wildlife trade in Somalia. Report to the IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group – Northeast African subgroup. IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group - Northeast African Subgroup.
East, R. 1999. African Antelope Database 1999. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Künzel, T., Rayaleh, H.A. and Künzel, S. 2000. Status Assessment Survey on Wildlife in Djibouti. Final Report. Zoological Society for the Conservation of Species and Populations (Z.S.C.S.P.) and Office National du Tourisme et de l’Artisanat (O.N.T.A.).
Yalden, D. W. In press. Madoqua saltiana. In: J. S. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds), The Mammals of Africa, Academic Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Yalden, D. W., Largen, M. J. and Kock, D. 1984. Catalogue of the mammals of Ethiopia. 5. Artiodactyla. Monitore zoologico italiano/Italian Journal of Zoology, N.S. Supplemento 19(4): 67-221.
|Citation:||Heckel, J.-O., Wilhelmi, F., Kaariye, X.Y., Rayaleh, H.A. & Amir, O.G. 2008. Madoqua saltiana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 06 July 2015.|
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