Liolaemus constanzae 

Scope: Global
Language: English

Translate page into:

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Liolaemidae

Scientific Name: Liolaemus constanzae Donoso-Barros 1961
Common Name(s):
English Constanze's Tree Iguana
Spanish Lagartija De Constanza
Liolaemus donosoi Ortiz, 1975
Taxonomic Notes: Pincheira-Donoso and Núñez (2005) consider that Liolaemus constanzae consist of two subspecies: L. c. constanzae and L. c. donosoi both occurring in Antofagasta province, Chile, and the former subspecies also found in Salta province, Argentina. However, Avila et al. (2013) were unable to find any reliable bibliographic citation or reference material collected in Argentinean territory.

Lobo et al. (2010) argue that both forms should be considered separate species, whereas Troncoso-Palacios (2013) considers L. donosoi as a junior synonym of L. constanzae. Given this information, it is recommended further taxonomic studies be conducted to establish a correct diagnosis of the species. The concept applied here includes L. c. donosoi as a subspecies pending resolution of this issue.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2015-05-27
Assessor(s): Ruiz de Gamboa, M., Espejo, P., Nunez, H., Lobos, G. & Mella, J.
Reviewer(s): Bowles, P.
Contributor(s): Marambio, Y., Hanson, S., De Silva, R., Milligan, H.T., Wearn, O.R., Wren, S., Zamin, T., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Lewis, S., Lintott, P. & Powney, G.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): NatureServe
Liolaemus constanzae is listed as Least Concern because, although it has a limited distribution (extent of occurrence of 18,000km2), it is locally abundant and there is no indication of a population decline. Nevertheless, the species is somewhat threatened by mining in parts of its range.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known with certainly only from Chile, where it is somewhat widely-distributed in the Antofagasta Region. It has an elevational range between 1,400 and 3,900 m asl (Pincheira-Donoso et al. 2008).

Countries occurrence:
Chile (Antofagasta)
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1400
Upper elevation limit (metres):3900
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is locally abundant, occurring at "extremely high" densities (M. de Gamboa pers. comm. 2016) and there are no signs of a population decline.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Liolaemus constanzae is an oviparous species (Pincheira-Donoso et al. 2008) that occurs in sandy and rocky substrates (salt flats and hills) with short vegetation (especially Geoffroea decorticans). It feeds on small invertebrates, flowers and seeds (Pincheira-Donoso and Núñez 2005).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There is no known use of or trade in this species.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no widespread threats to this species. It is locally threatened by mining, and by unregulated tourism (Y.M. Alfaro pers. comm. 2016), with subpopulations in Cejar and around Calama at risk (M. de Gamboa and Y.M. Alfaro pers. comm. 2016). As presently understood these are not major threats across the species' range, however this will require re-evaluation should Liolaemus constanzae donosoi prove to warrant specific status.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are currently no conservation measures in place or needed for this species. Taxonomic research is necessary to clarify relationships between the two presently-recognized subspecies.

Classifications [top]

3. Shrubland -> 3.7. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
0. Root -> 6. Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks)
suitability:Suitable season:resident 
8. Desert -> 8.2. Desert - Temperate
suitability:Suitable season:resident 

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
3. Energy production & mining -> 3.2. Mining & quarrying
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Minority (<50%) ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

6. Human intrusions & disturbance -> 6.1. Recreational activities
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Minority (<50%) ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.1. Taxonomy

Bibliography [top]

Avila, L.J., Martínez, L.E. and Morando, M. 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616(3): 201-238.

Donoso-Barros, R. 1961. Three new lizards of the genus Liolaemus from the highest Andes of Chile and Argentina. Copeia 1961(4): 387-391.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-2. Available at: (Accessed: 14 September 2017).

Lobo, F., Espinoza, R.E. and Quinteros, S. 2010. A critical review and systematic discussion of recent classification proposals for liolaemid lizards. Zootaxa 2549: 1-30.

Nunez, H. and Veloso, A. 2001. Distribucion geografica de las especies de lagartos de la region de Antofagasta, Chile. Boletin del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chile 50: 109-120.

Peters, J.A. and Donoso-Barros, R. 1986. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington DC.

Pincheira-Donoso, D. and Núñez, H. 2005. Las especies chilenas del género Liolaemus Wiegmann, 1834 (Iguania: Tropiduridae: Liolaeminae). Taxonomía, Sistemática y Evolución. Publicación ocasional del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chile 59: 7-486.

Pincheira-Donoso, D., Scolaro, J.A. and Sura, P. 2008. A monographic catalogue on the systematics and phylogeny of the South American iguanian lizard family Liolaemidae (Squamata, Iguania). Zootaxa 1800: 1-85.

Troncoso-Palacios, J. 2013. Revisión del estatus taxonómico de Liolaemus donosoi Ortiz, 1975 (Iguania: Liolaemidae). Boletín del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chile 62: 119-127.

Vidal, M. 2004. Reptiles terrestres de Chile. Guías de Identificación y Biodiversidad Fauna Chilena. Apuntes de Zoología, Universidad Arturo Prat,, Iquique, Chile.

Citation: Ruiz de Gamboa, M., Espejo, P., Nunez, H., Lobos, G. & Mella, J. 2017. Liolaemus constanzae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T11995A61317397. . Downloaded on 18 September 2018.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided