|Scientific Name:||Leiopelma archeyi|
|Species Authority:||Turbott, 1942|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered A2ae ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)|
Listed as Critically Endangered because of a drastic population decline, estimated to be more than 80% over the last ten years, inferred from the apparent disappearance of most of the population, probably due to chytridiomycosis.
|Range Description:||This species occurs in the Whareorino range in the west and Coromandel ranges in the east on North Island, New Zealand. Ranges from 400-1,000m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Formerly, this species was recorded in the tens of thousands, but declines since 1996 have reduced the numbers throughout their range. The decline was first noted in 1996; one study population on the Tapu Ridge declined by 88% (433 frogs down to 53 frogs) over the period 1996-2002.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A terrestrial and nocturnal species, it occurs mostly at higher altitudes in forested ranges and more open sub-alpine scrub. It lays large unpigmented eggs in damp situations on the ground, which undergo direct development without a larval stage.|
|Major Threat(s):||The definitive cause of the decline of this species is still not known, though disease of some kind is the most likely cause, in particular chytridiomycosis. Chytrid fungus infection was first identified in this species in September 2001 (specimen collected June 2001 at Te Moehu). Declines of species were documented through most of its range-central Coromandel (1996-1998), northern Coromandel (2000-2001) and Whareorino (2001).|
|Conservation Actions:||The NZ Department of Conservation (DOC) through its Native Frog Recovery Group and Native Frog Recovery Plan administers conservation management of the species and permits appropriate research, including a collaborative program with Auckland Zoo which has recently established a new facility for breeding and maintaining the species. Recent declines and the positive identification of chytrid fungus has stimulated urgent research and management of the species, including pathology, population monitoring, captive management and molecular research. This involves DOC and Canterbury, Massey, Otago and Victoria Universities.|
Archey, G. 1922. The habitat and life history of Liopelma hochstetteri. Records of the Canterbury (New Zealand) Museum: 59-71.
Bell, B.D. 1978. Observations on the ecology and reproduction of the New Zealand native frogs. Herpetologica: 340-354.
Bell, B.D. 1982. New Zealand frogs. Herpetofauna: 1-21.
Bell, B.D. 1985. Development and parental-care in the endemic New Zealand frogs. In: Grigg, G., Shine, R. and Ehmann, H. (eds), Biology of Australasian Frogs and Reptiles, pp. 269-278. Surrey Beatty and Sons Pty Ltd, Chipping Norton, NSW.
Bell, B.D. 1996. Aspects of the ecological management of New Zealand frogs: conservation status, location, identification, examination and survey techniques. Ecological Management: 91-111.
Bell, B.D. 1999. Recent population declines of Archey's frog (Leiopelma archeyi) in the central Coromandel Range. FrogLog: 3.
Bell, B.D., Carver, S., Mitchell, N.J. and Pledger, S. 2004. The recent decline of a New Zealand endemic: how and why did populations of Archey's frog Leiopelma archeyi crash over 1996-2001? Biological Conservation: 189-199.
Bell, B.D., Daugherty, C.H. and Hitchmough, R.A. 1998. The taxonomic identity of a population of terrestrial Leiopelma (Anura: Leiopelmatidae) recently discovered in the northern King Country, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology: 139-146.
Gill, B.J., Whitaker, A.H. 1996. New Zealand Frogs and Reptiles. Bateman, Auckland.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Newman, D.G. 1996. Native frog (Leiopelma spp.) Recovery Plan. Threatened Species Recovery Plan: 40p.
Stephenson, E.M., Stephenson, N.G. 1957. Field observations on the New Zealand frog, Leiopelma. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand: 867-882.
Turbott, E.G. 1942. The distribution of the genus Leiopelma in New Zealand, with a description of a new species. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand: 247-253.
|Citation:||Ben Bell 2004. Leiopelma archeyi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 December 2014.|
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