|Scientific Name:||Lagostrophus fasciatus|
|Species Authority:||(Péron & Lesueur, 1807)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ac(iv)+2ac(iv) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Richards, J., Morris, K., Burbidge, A. & Friend, T.|
|Reviewer/s:||Lamoreux, J. & Hilton-Taylor, C. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
Listed as Endangered in view of its extent of occurrence of less than 5,000 km2 and area of occupancy of less than 500 km2, with all individuals in fewer than six locations, and extreme fluctuations in the number of mature individuals due to periods of severe drought. Additional potential threats that are major include: the accidental introduction of predators (introduced cats and foxes), extensive fire, and disease.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to Australia, where it was formerly present on the mainland from south-western parts of the country to the lower Murray River region. It is now restricted to the offshore Bernier and Dorre Islands in Shark Bay, Western Australia (Prince and Richards 2008). A small population was recently reintroduced to Faure Island (Prince and Richards 2008).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There are no recent population estimates for this species. Surveys in 1988/89 indicated a total population of about 7,700 animals, equally divided between the two islands (Short and Turner 1992), and 9,700 in 1991/92 (Short et al. 1997). It is a reasonably long lived species. The population fluctuates with rainfall. Two recent translocation attempts to the mainland failed due to cat predation and drought (Prince and Richards 2008). A small population was recently reintroduced to Faure Island, and it is showing signs of success (Prince and Richards 2008).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
It is found in areas of dense scrub and bushes, beneath which it forms runs and shelters (Prince and Richards 2008).
Females generally give birth annually to a single young (Richards et al. 2001). Males and females can reach sexual maturity within their first year, but typically not until the second year (Prince and Richards 2008). In the wild, Banded Hare Wallabies can live at least six years (Prince and Richards 2008).
|Major Threat(s):||The current major threats to the populations of the species include: the accidental introduction of predators (introduced cats and foxes), fire, and disease (Richards 2005). Introduced rats and mice are also a concern, but to a lesser degree than introduced predators. Extreme fluctuations in populations on islands are a threat, but this threat is seen as minor relative to the risk exotic predators being introduced (Short et al. 1997). With weather events becoming ever more unpredictable and all locations for the species being located in Shark Bay, these fluctuations are a cause for concern. The species presumably was extirpated from mainland Australia by a combination of habitat loss and predation by introduced feral cats.|
This species is listed as a threatened species under Australian law. Bernier and Dorre Islands are both protected areas, as are all the areas where the species has been reintroduced. Regular monitoring of populations is needed (annually or biannually). It is listed on CITES Appendix I.
A recovery plan for the species has been developed for the 2005-2010 period (Richards 2005). Recommendations in this plan include: protect wild populations and their habitat so that the species does not fall below the level of natural fluctuations; maintain captive populations; use of population viability analysis to compare the viability of wild, current and potential reintroduced populations, and; enhance community participation and education. The recovery plan also recommends initiating three reintroductions to the mainland within a five year period (2005-2010) (Richards 2005). Some of these, like the reintroduction to Arid Recovery, should be established "in different regions where climatic fluctuations may be out of synchrony" (Short et al. 1997).
Prince, R. I. T. and Richards, J. D. 2008. Banded Hare-wallaby, Lagostrophus fasciatus. In: S. Van Dyck and R. Strahan (eds), The mammals of Australia. Third Edition, pp. 407-408. Reed New Holland, Sydney, Australia.
Richards, J. 2005. Western Barred Bandicoot, Burrowing Bettong and Banded Hare-Wallaby Recovery Plan 2005 -2010. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Wanneroo, Western Australia.
Richards, J. D., Short, J., Prince, R. I. T., Friend, J. A. and Courtenay, J. M. 2001. The biology of banded (Lagostrophus fasciatus) and rufous (Lagorchestes hirsutus) hare-wallabies (Diprotodontia : Macropodidae) on Dorre and Bernier Islands, Western Australia. Wildlife Research 28(3): 311-322.
Short, J. and Turner, B. 1992. The distribution and abundance of the banded and rufous hare-wallabies, Lagostrophus fasciatus and Lagorchestes hirsutus. Biological Conservation 60: 157-166.
Short, J., Turner, B., Majors, C. and Leone, J. 1997. The fluctuating abundance of endangered mammals on Bernier and Dorre Islands, Western Australia - conservation implications. Australian Mammalogy 20: 53-61.
|Citation:||Richards, J., Morris, K., Burbidge, A. & Friend, T. 2008. Lagostrophus fasciatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.|
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