|Scientific Name:||Coracina mindanensis|
|Species Authority:||(Tweeddale, 1878)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable A2c+3c+4c ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Butchart, S. & Symes, A.|
|Contributor/s:||Allen, D. & Hutchinson, R.|
This species is listed as Vulnerable because it is now suspected to be in rapid decline, owing to continuing deforestation in the lowlands to which the species appears to be restricted. This decline is projected to continue.
|Range Description:||Coracina mindanensis is endemic to the Philippines (Collar et al. 1999). Five subspecies occur: lecroyae on Luzon (considered very rare), elusa on Mindoro, ripleyi on Samar (rare), Biliran, Leyte and Bohol (rarely recorded in Rajah Sikatuna National Park), nominate mindanensis on Mindanao (formerly fairly common at the PICOP concession, Bislig, but has declined since 2007 [R. Hutchinson in litt. 2012]) and Basilan, and everetti on Jolo, Lapac, Tawitawi and Bongao. There has been uncertainty over its status because, although it is generally rare, it is widespread and elusive, and may be overlooked in the forest canopy.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The population size is preliminarily estimated to fall into the band 2,500-9,999 mature individuals. This equates to 3,750-14,999 individuals in total, rounded here to 3,500-15,000 individuals.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is probably highly elusive, sitting singly and silently in the forest canopy, but on Mt Malindang in 1956 it seemed to prefer forests of lower elevation, down to the lowlands, and indeed throughout its range the great majority of records are from well below 1,000 m. It is known from secondary growth but its degree of tolerance of such habitats is unclear.|
|Major Threat(s):||Its preference for low altitudes suggests that it must have suffered population losses with the loss of lowland forest in the Philippines through logging, agricultural encroachment, urban development, and conversion to oil-palm or wood pulp plantations.|
Conservation Actions Underway
Its occurrence in protected areas has not yet been analysed. No species-specific conservation actions are in place at present. Conservation Actions Proposed
Tape-record its vocalisations and use playback to establish its current distribution and population status in remnant lowland forest tracts. Campaign for the effective protection of important sites and propose further key sites found to support populations for formal protection.
Collar, N. J.; Mallari, N. A. D.; Tabaranza, B. R. J. 1999. Threatened birds of the Philippines: the Haribon Foundation/BirdLife International Red Data Book. Bookmark, Makati City.
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 19 June 2012).
|Citation:||BirdLife International 2012. Coracina mindanensis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 May 2013.|
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