|Scientific Name:||Cicinnurus respublica|
|Species Authority:||(Bonaparte, 1850)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Butchart, S. & Symes, A.|
This species occurs within a very small range, and is likely to have a moderately small population. It is suspected to be declining as a result of habitat loss, but its range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.
|Range Description:||Cicinnurus respublica is endemic to the Papuan islands of Waigeo and Batanta off north-west Papua (formerly Irian Jaya), Indonesia, where it reported to be frequent in suitable habitat.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This is a poorly known species and no population estimates are available.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species occurs in hill forest, generally above 300 m, although it is often heard even at low altitude (Beehler et al. 1986, Gibbs 1993, Poulsen and Frolander 1994, Eastwood 1996b). It feeds mainly on fruits and arthropods (Plantema 2011).|
|Major Threat(s):||Waigeo's rugged relief and lack of infrastructure suggest that there may be no serious immediate threats to its forests. Selective logging has been reported in the north of Waigeo, the south-east corner of the island was ravaged by fire in 1982, and there are concerns over a cobalt mining concession on the island (Dekker and Argeloo 1993, WWF-IUCN 1994-1995, Dekker and McGowan 1995, Sujatnika et al. 1995). Logging on Batanta (where the sole protected area is only 100 km2) is resulting in major habitat degradation, but this species appears to be moderately common in logged forest and it is probably safe at higher altitudes (Frith and Beehler 1998). As well as declining slowly through habitat loss, it is hunted in some areas for skins (D. Gibbs in litt. 2000).|
Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II. Pulau Waigeo nature reserve, established in the late 1980s, covers 1,530 km2 om Waiego, but there are reports that it may be substantially reduced in size (Holmes 1989, Dekker and McGowan 1995).
Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct repeated surveys within its range to determine current distribution and abundance, as well as assess population trends and rates of habitat loss. Conduct ecological studies to improve understanding of its precise habitat requirements, tolerance of secondary habitats and response to fragmentation. Ensure the future integrity of existing protected areas, e.g. Pulau Waigeo nature reserve.
Beehler, B. M.; Pratt, T. K.; Zimmerman, D. A. 1986. Birds of New Guinea. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
Dekker, R.; Argeloo, M. 1993. Bruijn's Brush-turkey Aegopodius bruijnii remains a mystery. Megapode Newsletter 7(2): 15-17.
Dekker, R. W. R. J.; McGowan, P. J. K. 1995. Megapodes: an action plan for their conservation 1995-1999. International Union for Nature Conservation and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland.
del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.
Eastwood, C. 1996. A trip to Irian Jaya. Muruk 8(1): 12-23.
Frith, C. B.; Beehler, B. M. 1998. The birds of paradise. Oxford University Press, Inc, New York.
Gibbs, D. 1993. Irian Jaya, Indonesia, 21 January--12 March 1991: a site guide for birdwatchers, with brief notes from 1992.
Holmes, D. A. 1989. Status report on Indonesian Galliformes. Kukila 3(3/4): 133-143.
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 19 June 2012).
Plantema, O. 2011. Close encounters on Waigeo: Bruijn's Brush-Turkey and Wilson's Bird-of-Paradise. Dutch Birding 33(2): 124-131.
Poulsen, B. O.; Frolander, A. 1994. Birding Irian Jaya, Indonesian New Guinea.
Sujatnika; Jepson, P.; Soehartono, T. R.; Crosby, M. J.; Mardiastuti, A. 1995. Conserving Indonesian biodiversity: the Endemic Bird Area approach. BirdLife International Indonesia Programme, Bogor.
WWF/IUCN. 1994-1995. Centres of plant diversity: a guide and strategy for their conservation. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Cambridge, U.K.
|Citation:||BirdLife International 2012. Cicinnurus respublica. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 June 2013.|
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