|Scientific Name:||Prosobonia leucoptera|
|Species Authority:||(Gmelin, 1789)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||White-winged Sandpiper P. ellisi was historically considered a synonym of this taxon4, but it has been shown to be a good species3.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Extinct ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Butchart, S. & Symes, A.|
This species was known from Tahiti, French Polynesia, but it has not been recorded since a specimen was collected in 1777, and is now Extinct. Predation by introduced rats is likely to have been the primary driver.
Prosobonia leucoptera was endemic to Tahiti, in the Society Islands, French Polynesia (Pratt et al. 1987). The type was collected by Forster and painted by his son in 1773; the specimen is now in Leiden and the painting in London (Walters 1994). Another specimen, now lost, was taken in 1777 (Greenway 1967).
Regionally extinct:French Polynesia
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||All that is known of the species's ecology is that Forster noted that the birds occurred along highland streams (Walters 1994).|
|Major Threat(s):||Its extinction was probably caused by introduced rats (Greenway 1967).|
Greenway, J. C. 1967. Extinct and vanishing birds of the world. Dover Publications, New York.
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 19 June 2012).
Pratt, H. D.; Bruner, P. L.; Berrett, D. G. 1987. A field guide to the birds of Hawaii and the tropical Pacific. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
Walters, M. 1994. Dorling Kindersley, London, UK.
Zusi, R. L.; Jehl, J. R. 1970. The systematic relationships of Aechmorhynchus, Prosobonia, and Phegornis (Charadriiformes: Charadrii). The Auk 87: 760-780.
|Citation:||BirdLife International 2012. Prosobonia leucoptera. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 18 June 2013.|
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