Dasypus novemcinctus

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_onStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CINGULATA DASYPODIDAE

Scientific Name: Dasypus novemcinctus
Species Authority: Linnaeus, 1758
Common Name/s:
English Nine-banded Armadillo, Common Long-nosed Armadillo
Spanish Cachicamo, TatĂș
Taxonomic Notes: Six subspecies are recognized by Wilson and Reeder (2005). Gardner (2007) mentions four subspecies in South America.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-12-10
Assessor/s: Abba, A.M. & Superina, M.
Reviewer/s: McDonough, C. & Loughry, J.
Contributor/s: McDonough, C. & Loughry, J.
Justification:
Dasypus novemcinctus is listed as Least Concern in view of its very wide distribution, presumed large population, tolerance of habitat alteration, and because there is no evidence of a major population decline.
History:
2006 Least Concern (IUCN 2006)
2006 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This armadillo ranges from the southern United States of America through Mexico and Central America, to South America as far south as northern Argentina (McBee and Baker 1982, Gardner 2005). It is also present in the Lesser Antilles, on Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago.
Countries:
Native:
Argentina; Belize; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; French Guiana; Grenada; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; United States; Uruguay; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a common species.
Population Trend: Increasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is very adaptable and is present in a variety of habitats (McBee and Baker 1982). It has a high rate of reproduction, and commonly produces quadruplets.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to this species; it is hunted throughout its range, but given its high rate of reproduction it seems able to withstand a reasonably high degree of offtake. In North America, it is subject to poisoning as it is often considered a nuisance.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species occurs in many protected areas.

Bibliography [top]

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (comps and eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Gardner, A. L. 1993. Order Xenarthra. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: A taxonomic and geographic reference. Second Edition, pp. 63-68. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Gardner, A. L. 2005. Order Cingulata. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition., pp. 94-99. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Gardner, A. L. 2007. Magnorder Xenarthra. In: Gardner, A. L. (ed.), Mammals of South America, pp. 127-176. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Hofmann, J. E. 2009. Records of nine-banded armadillos, Dasypus novemcinctus, in Illinois. Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science: 95-106.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 29 June 2010).

Layne, J. N. 2003. Armadillo. In: G. A. Feldhamer, B. C. Thompson, and J. A. Chapman. (eds), Wild Mammals of North America: Biology, Management and Conservation, pp. 75-97. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

McBee K. and R. J. Baker. 1982. Dasypus novemcinctus. Mammalian Species 162: 1-9.

Wilson, D. E. and Reeder, D. M. 2005. Mammal Species of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Citation: Abba, A.M. & Superina, M. 2010. Dasypus novemcinctus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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