Cyanea pinnatifida


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Cyanea pinnatifida
Species Authority: (Cham.) E.Wimm.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct in the Wild ver 3.1
Year Published: 2003
Date Assessed: 2003-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V.
Reviewer(s): Maunder, M. (Plant Conservation Committee) & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)
Cyanea pinnatifida was endemic to the island of Oahu, Hawaii. For a number of years, only one plant was known in the wild, growing in a preserve managed by The Nature Conservancy. In 1998 it was seen in flower but seed was never found on this plant. In August 2001 this individual died. Currently, this species is found only at the Harold L. Lyon Arboretum and the National Tropical Botanical Garden, where individuals plants propagated from the now dead wild individual plant are housed.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Cyanea pinnatifida was endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. It occurred on Oahu.
Regionally extinct:
United States (Hawaiian Is.)
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Occurred in diverse mesic forest. Steep, shady ravines and wet rocky slopes, with Pipturus and ferns.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Threats to the species included habitat degradation from feral pigs, impacts from human activities and invasive plant species. Rats, fire and invertebrates were other possible threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Federally and state listed as endangered.

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2003. 2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 18 November 2003.

NatureServe. 2003. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 1.8. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. (Accessed: October 20, 2003).

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2003. Rare plant database. Unpublished.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Region. 1997. Draft recovery plan for Oahu plants. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon.

Wagner, W., Herbst, D. and Sohmer S. 1999. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum Special Publication 91: 1-1918.

Citation: Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V. 2003. Cyanea pinnatifida. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 04 September 2015.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided